Introduction to Climate Change Vulnerability, Adaptation, and Resiliency

  • Tara Rava Zolnikov
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Climate Resilient Societies book series (PSCRS)


Climate change affects people not only through environmental exposure and health outcomes but in how they live their lives. Consequences will affect various sectors, ranging from tourism to water to energy development. Because of these forced changes, people must adapt. This chapter is an introduction to climate change vulnerability in the world, and the adaption and resiliency measures that must take place. The chapter sets the tone to understand the differences in communities that may help or hinder progress in the new world set forth by climate change.


Environmental health Definitions Climate change Mitigation Adaptation Resiliency 


  1. Action on Climate. (2018). Mitigation, adaptation, and resilience: Climate terminology explained. Retrieved from
  2. Aldunce, P., Beilin, R., Howden, M., & Handmer, J. (2015). Resilience for disaster risk management in a changing climate: Practitioners’ frames and practices. Global Environmental Change, 30, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Berkes, F., & Folke, C. (Eds.). (1998). Linking social and ecological systems. Management practices and social mechanisms for building resilience. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Borquez, R., Aldunce, P., & Adler, C. (2017). Resilience to climate change: From theory to practice through co-production of knowledge in Chile. Sustainability Science, 12(1), 163–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dessai, S., & Hulme, M. (2007). Assessing the robustness of adaptation decisions to climate change uncertainties: A case study on water resources management in the East of England. Global Environmental Change, 17(1), 59–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Environmental Protection Agency. (2016). Sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Retrieved from
  7. Environmental Protection Agency. (2018). Strategies for climate change adaptation. Retrieved from
  8. IPCC. (2007). Adaptation and mitigation options. Retrieved from
  9. IPCC. (2014). Climate change 2014: Synthesis report. In Core Writing Team, R. K. Pachauri, & L. A. Meyer (Eds.), Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (151 pp.). Geneva, Switzerland: IPCC.Google Scholar
  10. Marshall, N. A. (2010). Understanding social resilience to climate variability in primary enterprises and industries. Global Environmental Change, 20(1), 36–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Marshall, N. A., et al. (2010). A framework for social adaptation to climate change. Retrieved from
  12. McCarthy, J. J., et al. (Eds.). (2001). Climate change 2001: Impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Pelling, M. (2011). Adaptation to climate change: From resilience to transformation. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Plummer, R., & Armitage, D. (2007). A resilience-based framework for evaluating adaptive co-management: Linking ecology, economics and society in a complex world. Ecological Economics, 61(1), 62–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Zolnikov, T. R. (2018a). Climate change. In T. R. Zolnikov (Ed.), Autoethnographies on the environment and human health (pp. 32–37). Cham, Switzerland: Springer.Google Scholar
  16. Zolnikov, T. R. (2018b). A humanitarian crisis: Lessons learned from Hurricane Irma. American Journal of Public Health, 108(1), 27–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tara Rava Zolnikov
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Community HealthNational UniversitySan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.School of Behavioral SciencesCalifornia Southern UniversityCosta MesaUSA

Personalised recommendations