Properties of Indicators

  • Fiorenzo Franceschini
  • Maurizio Galetto
  • Domenico Maisano
Part of the Management for Professionals book series (MANAGPROF)


Indicators are helpful tools to represent (complex) processes, supporting evaluations and decisions. Unfortunately, selecting “good” indicators is not so trivial for at least two reasons: (i) there are not organic methods to support this activity and (ii) the success of this activity may depend on the complexity of the process of interest and the experience/intuition of users. The aim of the present chapter is to provide a taxonomy of some desirable properties of indicators, trying to answer several research questions, such as: “How many indicators should be used for representing a certain process?”, “Is there an optimal set of indicators?”, and “Can we aggregate/fuse multiple (sub)indicators into a single one?”. Description is accompanied by many pedagogical examples and an operational procedure to support the construction of indicators.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fiorenzo Franceschini
    • 1
  • Maurizio Galetto
    • 1
  • Domenico Maisano
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Management and Production Engineering (DIGEP)Politecnico di TorinoTurinItaly

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