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CESEE Countries: Historical Background, Transition, and Development

  • Małgorzata Iwanicz-Drozdowska
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Economic Transition book series (SET)

Abstract

The history of the CESEE has been stormy over time. Its strategic geographical location and the policy of conquest by neighbouring countries, such as Austria, Prussia, Russia, and Turkey, have significantly impacted the development of societies and economies of CESEE. After World War II, the CESEE countries found themselves behind the Iron Curtain and were under total influence of the Soviet Union. The situation changed in the late 1980s when communism started to collapse in the Eastern Bloc. From then on, the CESEE countries have begun to move from centrally planned towards market economies. This is the reason why they have been referred to as transition economies. In this chapter, we present a brief history of this region, with special attention paid to the period of transition.

Keywords

Centrally planned economy Economic development Market economy Privatization Transformation Transition 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Małgorzata Iwanicz-Drozdowska
    • 1
  1. 1.SGH Warsaw School of EconomicsWarsawPoland

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