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A Patient with High Cardiometabolic Risk

  • Alpana ShuklaEmail author
  • Lindsay Mandel
Chapter

Abstract

A 30-year-old South Asian male presents for an annual health exam. He denies any specific systemic complaints but admits to feeling somewhat run down lately, which he attributes to his work stress. Although never considered overweight, he has gained 5–6 lb over the past year, which came to his attention when his pants size increased. He has no significant past medical history. He has a positive family history for type 2 diabetes in his father and paternal grandfather, and premature coronary artery disease in his father, who had a CABG for triple vessel disease at the age of 50. He doesn’t smoke and consumes four to five alcoholic drinks per week. He is lacto-ovo vegetarian and his diet is heavy on carbohydrates. He has cereal for breakfast; a sandwich, pizza, or pasta for lunch; and a traditional, Indian meal at night which includes half a plate of rice. He does not do structured exercise besides walking. On examination, his weight is 168 lb, BMI 24.8 kg/m2, waist circumference 93 cm, and BP 126/80 mmHg. He has acanthosis nigricans around his neck. Systemic exam is within normal limits. Laboratory data show the following abnormalities: FBS 105, HbA1c 6.2%, triglycerides 200 mg/dl, HDL 36 mg/dl, and hsCRP 3 mg/dl.

Keywords

Cardiometabolic risk Prediabetes Dyslipidemia Metformin HDL cholesterol 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Comprehensive Weight Control Center, Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and MetabolismWeill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Weill Cornell Medical CollegeNew YorkUSA

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