Identifying and Treating the Metabolic Syndrome

  • Caroline A. AndrewEmail author


A 45-year-old male presents to an obesity medicine specialist for evaluation. His body mass index (BMI) is 40 kg/m2. His past medical history is significant for hypertension (HTN) and dyslipidemia. Medications include hydrochlorothiazide, losartan, rosuvastatin, and a daily aspirin. Blood pressure has been difficult to control despite his medications, and his cardiologist is considering adding a third agent. Family history is notable for both parents with obesity and HTN; his father had bariatric surgery. One of his sisters is overweight and has type 2 diabetes. He works as the manager of a construction company and is on his feet most of the day. He denies any use of tobacco and drinks one to two beers every night. His typical diet consists of a breakfast of eggs and toast, and then he will typically eat out for lunch and dinner, often stopping for dinner at fast-food restaurants on his way home.


Metabolic syndrome Obesity Body mass index Insulin resistance LDL-C Diet 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA

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