Cost Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Turkey
Agriculture is a highly sensitive field in terms of climate change, as farming activities are strongly influenced by climatic conditions. Nonetheless, agriculture is one of the major contributing factors to increases in the greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. With this in mind, agriculture offers effective solutions to climate change by emissions and by sequestering carbon. This work explores and justifies comprehensive research being done in the area of the climate change cost impact on agriculture. the study examines three major pieces of research in the area of climate change cost impact on agriculture. Each methodology is unique in terms of the modelling used. Striking major findings seem to complement each other, sharing similar sensitivity figures. As commonly underlined, the biggest drawback is derived from models optimising their own outcome, given the restrictions and assumptions being made. Our modest proposal is to adopt holistic methods, with special emphasis on the ecosystem to see more realistic outcomes of climate change on agriculture in terms of costs born.
KeywordsCGE models Ecosystem Holistic cost calculation
- Dellal I, McCarl BA (2010) The economic impacts of drought on agriculture: The case of Turkey, Options Mediterraneennes: Serie A. Seminaires Méditerraneens; no 95 169–174.Google Scholar
- Dudu H, Çakmak EH (2011) Regional Impact of the Climate Change: A CGE Analysis for Turkey, The Economic Research Forum (ERF) Working Paper 644 October 2011.Google Scholar
- Giannakopoulos C, Bindi M, Moriondo M, Lesager P, Tin T (2005) Climate Change Impacts in the Mediterranean Resulting from A 2c Global Temperature Rise. WWF Report. Gland, Switzerland: WWF.Google Scholar
- Huhne C, Slingo J (2011) Climate: Observations, Projections and Impacts. Turkey: Printed by the Met Office.Google Scholar
- Iglesias A, Rosenzweig C (2009) Effects of Climate Change on Global Food Production under Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES) Emissions and Socioeconomic Scenarios: Data from a Crop Modeling Study. Palisades, NY: Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC), Columbia University.Google Scholar
- Lohmann U, Stier P, Hoose C, Ferrachat S, Kloster S, Roeckner E, Zhang J (2007) Cloud Microphysics and Aerosol Indirect Effects in The Global Climate Model, Published by Copernicus Publications on Behalf of the European Geosciences Union, ECHAM5-HAM. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7:3425–3446.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Şen ÖL (2013) A Holistic View of Climate Change and its Impacts in Turkey. İstanbul: İstanbul Policy Center, 7 December 2013.Google Scholar
- The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (2000); at: http://www.cbd.int/ (5 January 2015).
- UNEP (2009) The need to include ecosystems management as part of the COP 15 Agenda, Research Brief; at: http://www.macaulay.ac.uk/copenhagen/documents/UNEP-CC-EM-12-page-brief.pdf, 1–12.