Endoscopic Management of Bladder Tumors in Children

  • Mohamed Abouheba
  • Sameh ShehataEmail author


Urinary bladder tumors are not common in children and adolescents. They are either urothelial or non-urothelial (Fig. 65.1). The commonest is rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the bladder or prostate/vagina followed by papillary urothelial tumors (Table 65.1) [1]. RMS, being the commonest childhood soft tissue sarcoma, ranks third commonest pediatric solid tumor (5–15%) [2, 3]. A recent analysis of 57 reports of pediatric urothelial bladder tumors which included 127 cases reported patients younger than 20 years old, of which only 21 patients (16.5%) were below 10 years old [4]. Both tumor categories exhibit a 3–9:1 male-to-female preponderance [5].


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pediatric Surgery Division, Children’s Hospital, Alexandria UniversityAlexandriaEgypt

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