Profile of the Study Area: Uttar Pradesh

  • Suman Lata
Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)


In this chapter physical and socio-economic profiles of the state were discussed. The physical profile gives an insight of the location of the study area, its administrative set up during different periods of time, structure and relief, drainage, climate, soils, natural vegetation, fauna etc. The main aim of describing physical aspects is to make the reader familiar with the study area before proceeding towards the next chapters discussing the land use patterns, water resources, irrigation water management, crop productivity and agriculture development in the state. The characteristics such as population growth, literacy rate, sex-ratio and occupational structure were included in the socio-economic profile of the state. Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of the country and lies in the most fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain. It contributes a major share to agriculture production in the country. In 2011, the population of the state has been recorded as 199.8 million. The state enjoys a tropical monsoon climate and about 60% of the workforce is engaged in agricultural activities.


Administrative set up Climate Drainage Groundwater resources Literacy Occupational structure Population Soils Structure and relief 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Lata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyRamdayalu Singh College, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar UniversityMuzaffarpurIndia

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