• Suman Lata
Part of the Advances in Asian Human-Environmental Research book series (AAHER)


Irrigation is a key driver of agricultural production. It is the practice of applying water to the soil to supplement the natural rainfall and provide moisture for plant growth. In most of the tropical and subtropical countries agriculture depends upon monsoon and irrigation is regarded as an inevitable resource. However, irrigated agriculture faces a number of challenges. Water availability for irrigation is also threatened by non-agricultural water uses (domestic, industrial, environmental etc.). Further, water pollution and groundwater mining have increased the risk for meeting irrigation water needs. It is quite relevant to study this research problem to the study area of Uttar Pradesh. This chapter deals with the introduction of the research problem and also focuses on the data sources collected from various departments, and the methodology adopted to find conclusions to the research problem.


Composite Z-score technique Cropping intensity Intensity of irrigation Karl Pearson’s coefficient of correlation (r) Least-square method of growth Methodology Simple linear regression technique Study area The simple percentage method 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Lata
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyRamdayalu Singh College, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Bihar UniversityMuzaffarpurIndia

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