Advertisement

Police Typecasting and the Power Dichotomy

  • Danielle Watson
Chapter

Abstract

Police labels are used to present the landscape to connect community residents to particular characteristics which categorize them neutrally or negatively, thus informing stereotypes and stigmas. The discourses within which stigmas and stereotypes are framed provide descriptions showing how the lexicon of the authors project power through their contextual, social, cultural and situational language expressions. This chapter identifies, describes and interprets stigmas and stereotypes manifested in police discourses. Police stigmas and stereotypes about the policed are thematically discussed to show how they work in the (dis)service of communication between the police and the policed.

Keywords

Stigmatizing Stereotyping Power dichotomy 

References

  1. Bennett, R. R., & Moribito, M. (2006). Determinants of Constables’ Perceptions of Community Support in Three Developing Nations. Police Quarterly, 9(2), 234–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Crocker, J., Major, B., & Steele, C. (1998). Social Stigma. In D. T. Gilbert, S. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The Handbook of Social Psychology (Vol. 2, 4th ed., pp. 504–553). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  3. Gerber, G. L. (2001). Women and Men Police Officers: Status, Gender, and Personality. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group.Google Scholar
  4. Goffman, E. (1957). Alienation from Interaction. Human Relations, 10(1), 47–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma. Englewood Cliffs: Spectrum.Google Scholar
  6. Goffman, E. (1976). Replies and Responses. Language in Society, 5(3), 254–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Levy, B. (1996). Improving Memory in Old Age Through Implicit Self-Stereotyping. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(6), 1092.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. McCauley, C. (1995). Are Stereotypes Exaggerated? A Sampling of Racial, Gender, Academic, Occupational, and Political Stereotypes. In Y.-T. Lee, L. Jussim, & C. McCauley (Eds.), Stereotype Accuracy: Toward Appreciating Group Differences (pp. 215–243). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Oakes, P. J., Alexander, H., & Turner, J. C. (1994). Stereotyping and Social Reality. New York: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
  10. Pinel, E. C. (1999). Stigma Consciousness: The Psychological Legacy of Social Stereotypes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76(1), 114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Schneider, J. W. (1988). Disability as Moral Experience: Epilepsy and Self in Routine Relationships. Journal of Social Issues, 44(1), 63–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Strangor, C. (2009). The Study of Stereotyping, Prejudice and Discrimination Within Social Psychology: A Quick History and Theory and Research. In T. D. Nelson (Ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Stereotyping and Discrimination (pp. 1–22). New York: Taylor and Francis Group.Google Scholar
  13. Thye, S. R., Willer, D., & Markovsky, B. (2006). From Status to Power: New Models at the Intersection of Two Theories. Social Forces, 84(3), 1471–1495.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Watson, D. (2016). The Power of Community Branding: An Examination of the Impact of Imposed Categories on Policing a ‘Crime Hotspot Community’. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 11(1), 51–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. West, C., & Fenstermaker, S. (1995). Doing Difference. Gender & Society, 9(1), 8–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Zanna, M. P., & Olson, J. M. (Eds.). (1994). The Psychology of Prejudice (Vol. 7). Philadelphia: Psychology Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Watson
    • 1
  1. 1.University of the South PacificSuvaFiji

Personalised recommendations