History of Thoracic Anesthesiology

  • Ian Conacher


Because of the concern relating to the natural history of pneumothorax, the development of a thoracic surgery discipline comparatively was late. Tuberculosis was the stimulus to overcome concern and caution. Control of contaminating secretions was an early anesthesia objective. Rigid bronchoscopy, lung separation, and positive-pressure ventilation are milestones of significance. Modern materials have enabled considerable advances in essentially early ideas. The anesthesia challenge of surgery of respiratory failure is to counteract the negative effects of positive-pressure ventilation. Surgery for lung cancer remains the bulk of workload.


Anesthesiology Thoracic Tuberculosis Lung cancer Lung transplantation Tuberculosis 

Further Reading

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    Ellis H. The pneumonectomy of George VI. In: Operations that made history. London: Greenwich Medical Media; 1996. p. 123–30.Google Scholar
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    Hurt R. The history of cardiothoracic surgery from early times. New York: Parthenon; 1996.Google Scholar
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    Jackson C. Foreign bodies in the air and food passages. Trans Am Laryngol Rhinol Otol Soc. 1923;Google Scholar
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    Jackson C, Jackson CL. Bronchoesophagology. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1950.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Lee JA. Anaesthesia for thoracic surgery. In: A synopsis of anaesthesia. 3rd ed. Bristol: John Wright; 1955. p. 386–402.Google Scholar
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    Maltby JR, editor. Notable names in anaesthesia. London: Royal Society of Medicine; 1998.Google Scholar
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    Mushin WW, editor. Thoracic anaesthesia. Philadelphia: FA Davis; 1963.Google Scholar
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    Mushin WW, Rendell-Baker L, editors. The principles of thoracic anaesthesia: past and present. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific; 1953.Google Scholar
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    Sellors TH. Surgery of the thorax. London: Constable; 1933.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Conacher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cardiothoracic AnesthesiaFreeman HospitalNewcastle upon TyneUK

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