Advertisement

Artificialised Land and Land Take: What Policies Will Limit Its Expansion and/or Reduce Its Impacts?

  • Maylis DesrousseauxEmail author
  • Bertrand SchmittEmail author
  • Philippe Billet
  • Béatrice Béchet
  • Yves Le Bissonnais
  • Anne Ruas
Chapter
Part of the International Yearbook of Soil Law and Policy book series (IYSLP, volume 2018)

Abstract

Jointly commissioned by the ministries responsible for the environment (MTES) and agriculture (MAA) and the public agency for the environment and energy (ADEME), the IFSTTAR (French Institute of Science and Technology for Transport, Planning and Networks) and the INRA (National Institute of Agronomic Research) have carried out a collective scientific report (ESCo) on land take that addresses its measurement, causes and consequences, as well as policies to limit its expansion or negative effects. This article presents some of the conclusions from this exercise, which involved 55 scientific experts and is based on knowledge from more than 2500 international academic and technical references. The aim here is to investigate this complex process, as well as the uses that come under the definition of ‘artificialised land’, by attempting to distinguish the processes by which land use and soil functions change as a result of urbanisation, an unavoidable social phenomenon. Only after clarifying these basic processes can we examine the public policy instruments and regulations that, in France, aim to limit land take and its negative effects whilst allowing for further development of human activities. We show that some of these tools could be effective but are often ill-adapted, in particular with regard to the variety of issues resulting from land take, which depend on the type of land cover (urban, peri-urban, rural) and on the specific uses of these areas.

Keywords

Land take Soil sealing Public policy Impacts 

References

  1. Béchet B (coord), Le Bissonnais Y (coord), Ruas A (coord), Aguilera A, André M, Andrieu H, Ay JS, Baumont C, Barbe E, Beaudet-Vidal L, Belton-Chevallier L, Berthier E, Billet PH, Bonin O, Cavailhès J, Chancibault K, Cohen M, Coisnon T, Colas R, Cornu S, Cortet J, Dablanc L, Darly S, Delolme C, Fack G, Fromin N, Gadal S, Gauvreau B, Géniaux G, Gilli F, Guelton S, Guérois M, Hedde M, Houet T, Humbertclaude S (expert technique), Jolivet L, Keller C, Le Berre I, Madec P (expert technique), Mallet C, Marty P, Mering C, Musy M, Oueslati W, Paty S, Polèse M, Pumain D, Puissant A, Riou S, Rodriguez F, Ruban V, Salanié J, Schwartz C, Sotura A, Thébert M, Thévenin T, Thisse J, Vergnès A, Weber C, Werey C, Desrousseaux M (2017a) Sols artificialisés et processus d’artificialisation des sols, Déterminants, impacts et leviers d’action. Rapport d’expertise scientifique collective réalisée à la demande du MTES, du MAA et de l’ADEME, IFSTTAR & INRA (France), 609 pGoogle Scholar
  2. Béchet B, Le Bissonnais Y, Ruas A (pilotes), Aguilera A, Andrieu H, Barbe E, Billet P, Cavailhès J, Cohen M, Cornu S, Dablanc L, Delolme C, Géniaux G, Hedde M, Mering C, Musy M, Polèse M, Weber C, Frémont A, Le Perchec S, Schmitt B, Savini I, Desrousseaux M (2017b) Artificialised land and land take processes: drivers, impacts and potential responses. Summary of the collective scientific report, IFSTTAR-INRA (France), 127 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Billet P (2017) Aspects juridiques de l’artificialisation des sols. In: Béchet et al (eds) Sols artificialisés et processus d’artificialisation des sols, Déterminants, impacts et leviers d’action. Rapport d’expertise scientifique collective réalisée à la demande du MTES, du MAA et de l’ADEME, IFSTTAR & INRA (France), pp 255–271Google Scholar
  4. Brutel C, Levy D (2011) Le nouveau zonage en aires urbaines de 2010. Insee Première 1374:1–4Google Scholar
  5. Ducos G, Barreau B (2014) Quels indicateurs pour mesurer la qualité de la croissance ?, Note d’analyse. Fr. Stratégie, Paris, 12 pGoogle Scholar
  6. Herviaux O, Bizet J (2014) Rapport d’information fait au nom de la commission du développement durable, des infrastructures, de l'équipement et de l'aménagement du territoire, sur la loi Littoral, Sénat, 114 pGoogle Scholar
  7. Service d’information du Gouvernement (2015) Les nouveaux indicateurs de richesse. Service du Premier ministre, Paris, 74 pGoogle Scholar
  8. Slak MF, Vidal C (1995) “Ter-Uti, indicateur de paysage”, Agreste, cahiers n°21Google Scholar
  9. Stiglitz J, Sen A, Fitoussi JP (coord) (2009) Rapport de la Commission sur la mesure des performances économiques et du progrès social. Rapport au Président de la République, Paris, La documentation française, 324 pGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maylis Desrousseaux
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bertrand Schmitt
    • 2
    Email author
  • Philippe Billet
    • 3
  • Béatrice Béchet
    • 4
  • Yves Le Bissonnais
    • 5
  • Anne Ruas
    • 6
  1. 1.Laboratoire Géomatique et Foncier, ESGT-CNAMLe MansFrance
  2. 2.INRA, CESAER, UBFCDijonFrance
  3. 3.EVS-IDELyonFrance
  4. 4.IFSTTAR, GERS-EE; IRSTVNantesFrance
  5. 5.INRA, LISSAHMontpellierFrance
  6. 6.IFSTTAR, COSYS-LISISMarne-La-ValléeFrance

Personalised recommendations