Bone and Skin

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


In dermatology, glucocorticoids are frequently required, for short- as well as for long-term treatment. The European and US guidelines have been published, in particular for the prevention of corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis in dermatologic patients. The recommendations include calcium and vitamin D supplements and bisphosphonates when therapy for >3 months is contemplated. Supplements of vitamin A have also been recommended.


Mast cell Systemic mastocytosis Urticaria pigmentosa Dermatologic patient Typical mast cell 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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