Antiepileptic Drug-Related Osteopathy

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


It is well known that antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) have long-term effects on the state (health) of the bones, specifically with respect to bone density, vitamin D metabolism as well as other risk factors for fractures. However, these aspects of AED therapy have not been adequately investigated in the studies published to date.


Bone density Dietary calcium intake Intestinal calcium absorption Calcitonin level Epileptic attack 

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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