The Patient with “Hypercalcaemia”

  • Reiner Bartl
  • Christoph Bartl


Hypercalcaemia means a plasma or serum concentration of total calcium >2.60 mmol/L (>10.4 mg/dL) or a concentration of ionised calcium in the plasma/serum >1.3 mmol/L (>5.2 mg/dL). Hypercalcaemia usually arises through an increased absorption of calcium from the bone and is based mainly on a combination of several mechanisms.


Calcium level Parathyroid gland Primary hyperparathyroidism Parathyroid adenoma Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reiner Bartl
    • 1
  • Christoph Bartl
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Osteoporosis and Bone CenterMunichGermany
  2. 2.Center of Orthopaedics and Sports MedicineMunichGermany

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