The Upper Airway

  • Aaron M. Laird
  • Enver Yetkiner
  • Onur KadiogluEmail author
  • G. Fräns Currier


The upper airway is one of the essentials for healthy respiration. Anatomically, it can be evaluated in three sections; nasopharynx, oropharynx and laryngopharynx. These structures are affected by several factors such as growth and development, gender variability and body-mass index. In this chapter; normal dimensions of the upper airway, methods for its evaluation along with factors affecting its anatomy, volume and minimal correctional area will be discussed.


Normal airway growth and development volume dimensions 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aaron M. Laird
    • 1
  • Enver Yetkiner
    • 2
  • Onur Kadioglu
    • 3
    Email author
  • G. Fräns Currier
    • 3
  1. 1.Private PracticeKatyUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthodontics, School of DentistryEge UniversityIzmirTurkey
  3. 3.Division of Orthodontics, Department of Developmental SciencesUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center College of DentistryOklahoma CityUSA

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