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Acute Compartment Syndrome

  • Daniel PurcellEmail author
  • Bryan A. Terry
  • Brian R. Sharp
Chapter

Abstract

Acute compartment syndrome is a potentially devastating complication of traumatic injury, most commonly following long bone fractures. Early recognition of warning signs/symptoms is essential to initiate immediate surgical consultation and prospective intervention, especially in patients who are unconscious and/or exhibit altered mental status. Diagnosis is manufactured clinically, supported by history and temporal clinical evaluation, with definitive care involving emergent fasciotomy.

Keywords

Compartment syndrome Pallor Pulselessness Paresthesias Paresis/paralysis Poikilothermia Δ P Anterior compartment: tibialis anterior Extensor hallucis longus Extensor digitorum longus Peroneus tertius Deep peroneal nerve Anterior tibial artery Lateral compartment: peroneus longus Peroneus brevis Superficial peroneal nerve Superficial posterior compartment: gastrocnemius Soleus Plantaris Sural nerve Deep posterior compartment: flexor hallucis longus Tibialis posterior Flexor digitorum longus Popliteus Tibial nerve Posterior tibial 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Purcell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bryan A. Terry
    • 2
  • Brian R. Sharp
    • 3
  1. 1.Emergency DepartmentNew York University Langone Medical Center BrooklynNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.The Brooklyn Hospital CenterBrooklynUSA
  3. 3.BerbeeWalsh Department of Emergency MedicineUniversity of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public HealthMadisonUSA

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