Risks and Profitability Challenges of Agriculture in Sundarbans India

  • Subhasis MandalEmail author
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 30)


In spite of the vast resource potentials in the Sundarbans, the enhancement of the agricultural productivity in this coastal land is much below the expected level. The region is lagging behind many inland areas in terms of agricultural productivity and livelihood security of the farmers and other inhabitants. The agricultural system is heavily dependent mainly on climate change and related environmental factors, besides other constraints, like soil salinity, drainage congestion, flooding, inadequacy of freshwater for irrigation, etc. Risk factors involved in agricultural practices, and recommendations for improvement, based on location-specific constraints, developed, are the most important factors for decision-making in farm management, adoption of new technologies, as well as enhancing farm income. Suitable cropping system intensification, with emphasis on introduction of high-value crops, can be one of the ways to agricultural risk mitigation. Complementarity between agriculture and industry/non-farm entrepreneurship are suggested as yet other ways for risk management. Several strategies to increase farm income, along with appropriate remunerative price and marketing support, in the Sundarbans region have been highlighted in this chapter. Study concluded that enhancing farmers’ income in Sundarbans of West Bengal (India) is a challenging task, needs technology and policy support. The most critical concern for the farmers in the region is not only to achieve the higher farmers’ income but also to sustain it across the farmers’ groups.


Sundarbans Agricultural productivity, Profitability and risks Climate aberrations Strategies to improve farm income Sustainability in production High-value crops Agriculture-industry complementarity Remunerative price and marketing Livelihood Policy support 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research StationCanning TownIndia

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