Normalisation of Measured Energy Use in Buildings—Need for a Review of the Swedish Regulations

  • Björn BerggrenEmail author
  • Maria Wall
  • Henrik Davidsson
  • Niko Gentile
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Energy book series (SPE)


Normalisation of measured energy use in buildings is important in order to verify their performance in user phase. Two methods for normalisation have been presented in Sweden, static and dynamic normalisation. The static normalisation considers deviating hot water use, indoor temperature, internal loads and external climate. The dynamic normalisation is based on repeated simulation, meaning that the initial simulation, carried out during the design phase, is repeated with updated conditions regarding actual use of the building and exterior climate. The ratio between the first and second simulation is used as a factor for normalisation. A pre-study has been initiated in Sweden to enable further development of the two methods. This paper present the two methods, the initiated pre-study, and some early findings. The early findings show that there is need for further development of the methods presented.


Normalisation Energy use Swedish regulations 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Björn Berggren
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Maria Wall
    • 1
  • Henrik Davidsson
    • 1
  • Niko Gentile
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Division of Energy and Building DesignLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Skanska Sverige AB, TeknikStockholmSweden

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