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Lateral Diffusion in Heterogeneous Cell Membranes

  • Didier MarguetEmail author
  • Laurence Salomé
Chapter

Abstract

The plasma membrane is organized at numerous levels as a result of its large variety of molecular constituents and of selective interactions between them. Lateral diffusion, a direct physical consequence of the Brownian agitation, plays a key organizational role by constantly redistributing the membrane constituents among the possible molecular associations. In this context, we will first review the physical mechanisms contributing to the creation of inhomogeneity. We will then describe the current methodological approaches allowing us to measure diffusion in living cells. The different levels of membrane organization will be discussed before illustrating the impact of the dynamic organization of the membrane on cellular functions.

Keywords

Cell membrane Lateral diffusion Fluorescence microscopy Nanodomains 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank our colleagues at CIML and IPBS, especially Evert Haanappel for the preparation of the figures and careful reading of this manuscript. This work was supported by the Ministère de l’Enseignement Supérieur et de la Recherche (ANR-09-PIRI-0008-03, ANR-10-BLAN-1214, ANR-10-INBS-04 France BioImaging, and ANR-11-LABX-0054 Labex INFORM), Aix-Marseille Université (ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02 A*MIDEX), and Université de Toulouse and institutional funding from the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique and the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre d’Immunologie de Marseille-Luminy, Aix Marseille Université, Inserm, CNRSMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.Institut de Pharmacologie et de Biologie Structurale, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, UPSToulouseFrance

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