Horizontal Examination: Micro-segregation Mechanism in the Diverse Area of Whitechapel

  • Shlomit Flint AsheryEmail author
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


This chapter examines the effect of social relations and social identity on residential patterns in Whitechapel. Whitechapel is an extremely diverse neighbourhood at the urban level. However, the inner neighbourhood level reveals fundamental ‘micro-segregation’ that appears at the building and neighbourhood levels. The detailed data collected via in-depth survey enables us to reveal powerful mechanisms that regulate this segregated pattern. The research has also exposed the concurrent impact of the building- and neighbourhood-level factors on segregation patterns, contributing to an estimation of the role of inner cities space for maintaining communities’ identities. As the religious communities of Whitechapel revealed, spatial patterns reflect urban identities and meaningful social relations within meaningful parochial realms. Going beyond the case study of Whitechapel, this micro-segregation mechanism could explain other dynamics in dense urban cities, where mixed apartment houses host different communities.


Inter-group relations Micro-segregation Networks Residential preferences Diversity 


  1. Almandoz A (2017) Segregation and conflict in post-modernist Caracas: from Pérez’s Gran Venezuela to Chávez’s Bolivarian Revolution. Plan Perspect 32(4):623–637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bassens D, van Heur B, Waiengnier M (2018) Follow the money: cultural patronage and urban elite geographies. Urban Geography, 1–28Google Scholar
  3. Boal FW (2008) Territoriality on the Shankill-Falls divide, Belfast. Ir Geogr 41:349–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Borjas G (1998) To ghetto or not to ghetto: ethnicity and residential segregation. NBER Working Papers 6176, National Bureau of Economic Research 44(2):228–253CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christensen T, Hogen-Esch T (2006) Local politics: a practical guide to governing at the grassroots. ME Sharpe Inc, United StatesGoogle Scholar
  6. Clark WAV, Withers S (1999) Changing Jobs and Changing Houses: Mobility Outcomes of Employment Transitions. J Reg Sci 39(4):653–673CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Desai R (2011) Producing and contesting the “communalized city”: Hindutva politics and urban space in Ahmedabad. In: AlSayyad N, Massoumi M (eds) The fundamentalist city? Religiosity and the remaking of urban space. Routledge, NYGoogle Scholar
  8. Flint S (2018) Schelling-type micro-segregation in a Hassidic enclave of Stamford-Hill. Hous Stud 33Google Scholar
  9. Flint S, Alfasi N, Benenson I (2012) Between friends and strangers: micro-segregation in a Haredi neighbourhood. City and Community 11(2):171–197Google Scholar
  10. Furseth I (2011) Why in the city?: explaining urban fundamentalism. In: AlSayyad N, Massoumi M (ed) The fundamentalist city?: religiosity and the remaking of urban space. Routledge, New York, pp 27–50. ISBN 978-0-415-77936-4Google Scholar
  11. Gottdiener M (1997) Theming of America: dreams, visions, and commercial spaces, Boulder. Westview Press, Boulder, COGoogle Scholar
  12. Hawley AH (1950) Human ecology: a theory of community structure. Ronald Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  13. Iceland J (2004) Beyond black and white: metropolitan residential segregation in multi-ethnic America. Soc Sci Res 33(2):248–271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Johnston RJ, Poulsen M, Forrest J (2007) The geography of ethnic residential segregation: a comparative study of five countries. Ann Assoc Am Geogr 97(4):713–738CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Knox LP, Pinch S (2000) Urban social geography, 4th edn. Longman Scientific, LondonGoogle Scholar
  16. Kusenbach M (2008) A hierarchy of urban communities: observations on the nested character of place. City and Community 7(3):225–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lieberson S (1982) A model for inferring the voluntary and involuntary causes of residential segregation. Demography 19(4):511–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. McNair D (2006) Social and spatial segregation: ethno-national separation and mixing in Belfast. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, School of Geography, Archaeology and Paleoecology, Queen’s University, BelfastGoogle Scholar
  19. Mills ES, Hamilton BW (1994) Urban economics. Harper Collins, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  20. Möbius M, Rosenblat T (2002) The process of ghetto formation: evidence from Chicago. Harvard University, ManuscriptGoogle Scholar
  21. Park RE, Burgess EW, McKenzie RD (1925) The city. University of Chicago Press, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  22. Peach C (2006) Islam, ethnicity and South Asian religions in London 2001 census. Trans Inst Brit Geogr 31(3):353–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sakoda JM (1971) The checkerboard model of social interaction. J Math Sociol 1(1):119–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Schelling TC (1969) Models of segregation. The American Economic Review 59(2): 488–493Google Scholar
  25. Schelling CT (1978) Micromotives and macrobehavior. WW Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  26. Schnell I, Benjamini Y (2005) Globalisation and the structure of urban social space: the lesson from Tel Aviv. Urban Stud 42(13):2489–2510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Telles EE (1995) Structural sources of socioeconomic segregation in Brazilian metropolitan areas. Am J Sociol 100(5):1199–1223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Walks RA, Bourne L (2006) Ghettos in Canada’s cities? Can Geogr 50(3):273–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and EnvironmentBar Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA)University College London (UCL)LondonUK

Personalised recommendations