Immigrant and Emigrant
The notion of “emigrant” in EU law has a merely descriptive value: it is used for statistical purposes, but there is no set of rights or duties attached to the emigrant condition.
The notion of “immigrant,” on the contrary, enjoys legal relevance under EU law, although it does not have a unitary legal status across national borders. The rights that each immigrant category enjoys are determined by the immigrant’s entry and residence status in the host Member State. A European citizen may qualify as an “immigrant” if he or she is a third-country national who is present, legally or illegally, in the territory of a Member State. This chapter analyses the main legal asymmetries between immigrants and European citizens, focusing on two aspects: the nature of their respective rights of entry and residence in the EU and the restrictions to those rights.
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