• Rainer Arnold
  • Lukas Cerny


The entrepreneur is the central actor in the free market system of the European Union. EU primary and secondary law establishes rules on enabling, facilitating and restricting entrepreneurial activity. Article 16 of the EU Fundamental Rights Charter expresses the constitutional guarantee for doing business freely. However, the concept and substance of this right have not comprehensively been defined by legal texts or by jurisprudence. The restrictions of this right have to comply with the requirements of Article 52. The aim of this chapter is to analyse the status of the “entrepreneur” and its adaptation to the transnational dimension of the common market.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Arnold
    • 1
  • Lukas Cerny
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Law - University of RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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