Musculo-skeletal Modeling and Analysis for Low-Cost Active Orthosis Customization and SCI Patient Adaptation

  • Javier CuadradoEmail author
  • Urbano Lugris
  • Francisco Mouzo
  • Florian Michaud
Conference paper
Part of the IUTAM Bookseries book series (IUTAMBOOK, volume 33)


This paper describes the role played by skeletal and musculo-skeletal modeling and analysis in: (i) the customization of low-cost active knee-ankle-foot orthoses aimed at assisting the gait of spinal-cord-injured subjects possessing some level of hip actuation; (ii) the adaptation process of the patients to the devices. It is shown that personalized multibody-based human models and related methods and techniques are very helpful for motor-gearbox selection and swing motion definition, for monitoring progress during the training sessions, for evaluating the final outcome provided by the assistive devices, and for anticipating their long-term impact on the patient’s health.


Exoskeleton Spinal-cord injury Human modeling and simulation 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Research involving human participants: This study was approved by the institutional ethical committee.

Informed Consent

All participants in the experiments gave their informed consent.


This work was funded by the Spanish MINECO under project DPI2015-65959-C3-1-R, cofinanced by the EU through the EFRD program, and by the Galician Government under grant ED431B2016/031.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier Cuadrado
    • 1
    Email author
  • Urbano Lugris
    • 1
  • Francisco Mouzo
    • 1
  • Florian Michaud
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of La CoruñaFerrolSpain

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