SiloMAS: A MAS for Smart Silos to Optimize Food and Water Consumption on Livestock Holdings

  • Sergio Marquez
  • Roberto Casado-Vara
  • Alfonso González-BrionesEmail author
  • Javier Prieto
  • Juan M. Corchado
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 802)


A few years ago, hitting the silo container from the outside was the only way of knowing whether it had to be refilled with feed or water. However, current advances make it possible to develop more evolved mechanisms that not only allow the farmer to know if it is necessary to fill the silo with feed but give a precise estimate of the quantity of feed or water remaining in the silo and information on other parameters that help control the quality of the feed. To this end, it is necessary to design a device that will be placed on the inside of the silo and will detect if there is feed and how much of it by means of a sensor with ultrasonic technology. The prototype includes several motion engines which perform a complete sweep for the calculation of volume; this is important as each type of feed has a different density. In addition, the development of such a system will make it possible to optimize the delivery of feed to livestock holdings through route planning for the truck, for example, in cases where two nearby farms are short of supply.

For this purpose, we have developed a system that incorporates an IoT device with a laser for calculating the volume of feed inside a silo. In addition, this system includes a series of sensors that can monitor temperature and humidity. Thus, the owners obtain more information from which they can draw conclusions about the conservation of the feed and about its general exploitation. Furthermore, it is possible to understand to what extent the cold and humidity affect animals and their consumption of the feed. This research work describes the evaluation of the developed prototype in several independent silos on the Hermi Group’s farm (Salamanca) and outlines the obtained results.


Sensor-based monitoring Smart silo IoT Ambiental intelligent Agents 



This work has been partially supported by the Agreement between the Agricultural Technology Institute of Castile and León, Hermi Gestión, S.L., and the University of Salamanca to conduct research activities for the development of a farm 4.0 model in the rabbit meat production sector.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergio Marquez
    • 1
  • Roberto Casado-Vara
    • 1
  • Alfonso González-Briones
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Javier Prieto
    • 1
  • Juan M. Corchado
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.BISITE Research GroupUniversity of Salamanca, Edificio I+D+iSalamancaSpain
  2. 2.Air Institute, IoT Digital Innovation HubSalamancaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Electronics, Information and Communication, Faculty of EngineeringOsaka Institute of TechnologyOsakaJapan
  4. 4.Pusat Komputeran dan InformatikUniversiti Malaysia KelantanKota BharuMalaysia

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