Advertisement

Experimental Ship Dynamic Stability Assessment Using Wave Groups

  • Christopher C. Bassler
  • Martin J. DipperJr.
  • Mark Melendez
Chapter
Part of the Fluid Mechanics and Its Applications book series (FMIA, volume 119)

Abstract

The assessment of ship performance in heavy weather, particularly dynamic stability performance, is an important but difficult assessment to make. Traditional experimental assessment methods using regular and random waves provide insight into dynamic stability performance, but may not identify, or provide a means to mitigate, specific modes of dynamic stability failure. Assessment using deterministic wave groups may provide repeatability and systematic exposure important for the assessment of ship designs, as well as aid in development and validation of numerical simulation tools. The deterministic grouped wave approach, when used to define ship behavior in heavy weather, can also be useful in the development of ship-specific operator guidance.

Keywords

Wave groups Deterministic model testing Ship design Operator guidance 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to express their appreciation for the support of the work in the paper from the Naval Innovative Science and Engineering Program (NISE) at NSWCCD, under the direction of Dr. John Barkyoumb. Additionally, the authors also appreciate support from Mr. James Webster (NAVSEA) and Dr. Pat Purtell (Office of Naval Research) for previous research and development, which provided the foundation and initialization of this work. The authors would also like to thank Mr. John Hoyt and Mr. Dan Hayden (NSWCCD) and Prof. Kostas Spyrou (NTUA) for their helpful discussions regarding the contents of this paper.

References

  1. Atsavapranee, P., J. B. Carneal, C. W. Baumann, J. H. Hamilton, and J. W. Shan (2005), “Global Laser Rangefinder Profilome-try (GLRP): A Novel Optical Surface-Wave Measurement System,” Hydrome-chanics Dept. Technical Report, NSWCCD-50-TR-2005/022.Google Scholar
  2. Bassler, C. C. G. E. Lang, S. S. Lee, J. B. Carneal, J. T. Park, and M. J. Dipper (2008), “Formation of Large-Amplitude Wave Groups in an Experimental Basin,” Hydrome-chanics Dept. Technical Report, NSWCCD-50-TR-2008/025.Google Scholar
  3. Bassler, C. C., M. J. Dipper, and G. E. Lang (2009), “Formation of Large-Amplitude Wave Groups in an Experimental Basin,” Proc. 10th Intl. Conf. on Stability of Ships and Ocean Vehicles, St. Petersburg, Russia.Google Scholar
  4. Bassler, C. C., V. Belenky, and M. J. Dipper (2010), “Characteristics of Wave Groups for the Evaluation of Ship Response in Irregular Seas,” Proc. 29th Intl. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering, Shanghai, China.Google Scholar
  5. Bassler, C.C., V. Belenky, and M.J. Dipper (2010a), “Application of Wave Groups to Assess Ship Response in Irregular Seas,” Proc. 11th Int. Ship Stability Workshop, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  6. Belenky, V., J. O. de Kat, and N. Umeda (2008), “Toward Performance-Based Criteria for Intact Stability,” Marine Technology, 45(2):101–123,.Google Scholar
  7. Belenky, V., C. Bassler, M. Dipper, B. Campbell, K. Weems, and K. Spyrou (2010), “Direct Assessment Methods for Nonlinear Ship Response in Severe Seas,” Proc. ITTC Intl. Workshop on Seakeeping, Seoul, Korea, 19–21 October.Google Scholar
  8. Bishop, R.C., W. Belknap, C. Turner, B. Simon and J.H. Kim (2005), “Parametric Inves-tigation on the Influence of GM, Roll Damping, and Above-Water Form on the Roll Response of Model 5613,” Hydrome-chanics Dept. Technical Report, NSWCCD-50-TR-2005/027.Google Scholar
  9. Carneal, J. B., P. Atsavapranee, C. W. Baumann, J. H. Hamilton, and J. Shan (2005), “A Global Laser Rangefinder Profilometry System for the Measurement of Three Dimensional Wave Surfaces,” Proc. ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting, Houston, TX, USA, The Netherlands 19–23 June.Google Scholar
  10. Carneal, J. B., P. Atsavapranee, and J. T. Curight (2005a), “Global Laser Rangefinder Profilometry: Initial Test and Uncertainty Analysis,” Hydromechanics Dept. Technical Report, NSWCCD-50-TR-2005/069.Google Scholar
  11. Carneal, J. B. and P. Atsavapranee (2006), “Global Laser Rangefinder Profilometry: Initial Test and Uncertainty Analysis,” Proc. ASME Joint European Fluids Summer Meeting, Miami, FL, USA, 17–23 July.Google Scholar
  12. Clauss, G. F. (2000), “Tailor-made Transient Wave Groups for Capsizing Tests,” Proc. 7th Intl. Conf. on Stability of Ships and Ocean Vehicles, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia.Google Scholar
  13. Clauss, G. F., C.E. Schmittner, and J. Hennig (2008), “Systematically Varied Rogue Wave Sequences for the Experimental Investigation of Extreme Structure Behavior,” J. Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 130, May.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Davis, M.C. and E.E. Zarnick (1964), “Testing Ship Models in Transient Waves,” Proc. 5th Symp. on Naval Hydro., Bergen, Norway, 10–12 September.Google Scholar
  15. Hayden. D. D., R. C. Bishop, J. T. Park, and S. M. Laverty (2006), “Model 5514 Capsize Experiments Representing the Pre-Contract DDG51 Hull Form at End of Service Life Conditions,” Hydrome-chanics Dept. Technical Report, NSWCCD-50-TR-2006/020, AprilGoogle Scholar
  16. Hayden, D. D., J. G. Hoyt III, M. Melendez, H. J. Moeller, Y. Bargman, S. Carpenter, and S. R. Turner (2010), “Naval Surface Warfare Center’s Wavemaker Modernization Program,” Proc. 29th American Towing Tank Conference (ATTC), Annapolis, MD, USA, August.Google Scholar
  17. Lorenz, E.N., “Deterministic Non-Periodic Flow,” J. Atmosperic Sci. 20, 130–141, 1963.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Minnick, L., C. Bassler, S. Percival, and L. Hanyok (2010), “Large-scale Wave Kinematics Measurements of Regular Waves and Large-Amplitude Wave Groups,” Proc. 29th Int. Conf. on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, Shanghai, China.Google Scholar
  19. Minnick, L. M., C. C. Bassler, S. Percival, and L. W. Hanyok (2011), “Characterization of Regular Wave, Irregular Waves, and Large-Amplitude Wave Group Kinematics in an Experimental Basin” Hydrome-chanics Dept. Technical Report, NSWCCD-50-TR-2011/012, FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  20. Minnick, L, C. Kent, C. Bassler, S. Percival, and L. Hanyok (2011a), “Kinematics of Experimentally Generated Severe Wave Conditions and Implications for Numerical Models,” Proc. 30th Intl. Conf. on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 19–24 JuneGoogle Scholar
  21. Poincaré, H.J. (1890), “Sur le problème des trois corps et les équations de la dynamique,” Acta Mathematica, 13, 1–270.Google Scholar
  22. Spyrou, K. J. and N. Themelis (2005), “Probabilistic Assessment of Intact Stability,” Proc. 8th Intl. Ship Stability Workshop, Istanbul, Turkey.Google Scholar
  23. Takezawa, S. and M. Takekawa (1976), “Advanced Experiment Technique for Testing Ship Models in Transient Water Waves, Part I: The Transient Test Technique on Ship Motions in Waves,” Proc. 11th Symp. on Naval Hydrodynamics, University College, London, UK.Google Scholar
  24. Themelis, N. and K. J. Spyrou (2007), “Probabilistic Assessment of Ship Stability,” Trans. Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, Vol. 115 pp. 181–206.Google Scholar
  25. Themelis, N. and K. J. Spyrou (2008), “Probabilistic Assessment of Ship Stability Based on the Concept of Critical Wave Groups,” Proc. 10th Intl. Ship Stability Workshop, Daejeon, Korea, 23–25 March.Google Scholar
  26. Umeda, N., M. Shuto, and A. Maki (2007), “Theoretical Prediction of Broaching Probability for a Ship in Irregular Astern Seas,” Proc. 9th Intl. Ship Stability Workshop, Hamburg, Germany.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher C. Bassler
    • 1
  • Martin J. DipperJr.
    • 1
  • Mark Melendez
    • 1
  1. 1.David Taylor Model Basin (NSWCCD)West BethesdaUSA

Personalised recommendations