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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Diagnostic Considerations for Children with a History of Trauma

  • Prachi E. ShahEmail author
  • Danielle Shapiro
  • Tedi Milgrom
  • H. Eugene Hoyme
Chapter

Abstract

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is an umbrella term that describes a variety of conditions characterized by a pattern of atypical facial features, growth restriction, structural physical abnormalities, and brain dysfunction resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure. Because the cognitive and behavioral phenotype of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders can be nonspecific, and overlap with the phenotype of other neurodevelopmental disorders, and because the majority of individuals with FASDs do not manifest dysmorphic craniofacial features, misdiagnosis and under-diagnosis of FASDs is common. To mitigate the long-term morbidities associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, it is important to maintain a heightened index of suspicion for prenatal alcohol exposure and the possibility of an alcohol-related diagnosis in children at risk, as early diagnosis and recognition of the disabilities associated with FASDs can help optimize future outcomes.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prachi E. Shah
    • 1
    Email author
  • Danielle Shapiro
    • 1
  • Tedi Milgrom
    • 1
  • H. Eugene Hoyme
    • 2
  1. 1.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.University of ArizonaTucsonUSA

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