Evaluation of Cascade Effects for Transit Networks
This paper presents a network analysis approach to simulate cascading effects in a transit network with the aim to assess its resilience and efficiency. The key element of a cascade is time: as time passes by, more locations or connections of the transit network which are nodes and edges of the associated graph can be affected consecutively as well as change their own condition. Thus, modifications in terms of efficiency and resilience are also dynamically evaluated and analysed along the cascade. Results on the two case studies of the RESOLUTE project (i.e., Florence, in Italy, and the Attika region, in Greece) are presented. Since the two case studies are significantly different, important differences are reflected also on the impacts of the relative cascades, even if they were started in both the two cases from the node with the highest betweenness centrality.
KeywordsNetwork analysis Resilience Cascading effects Urban transport system
This work has been supported by the RESOLUTE project (http://www.RESOLUTE-eu.org) and has been funded within the European Commissions H2020 Programme under contract number 653460. This paper expresses the opinions of the authors and not necessarily those of the European Commission. The European Commission is not liable for any use that may be made of the information contained in this paper.
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