Identical Particles

  • Jochen Pade
Part of the Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics book series (ULNP)


We have thus far always tacitly assumed that the quantum objects we are dealing with are distinguishable. This is familiar from classical physics, where it is always possible to distinguish between two particles (for example by coloring them differently), without changing their measurable properties.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für PhysikUniversität OldenburgOldenburgGermany

Personalised recommendations