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Food Traceability System in Europe: Basic and Regulatory Requirements

  • Ignazio Mania
  • Amélia Martins Delgado
  • Caterina Barone
  • Salvatore Parisi
Chapter

Abstract

The role of food traceability systems is critical because of required high standards for foods and beverages. With relation to the industry of cheeses, traceability tools have to take into account the existing regulatory framework, and the European Union has provided a significant contribution in this ambit concerning cheese products and dedicated food-contact materials for cheeses. The aim of this chapter is to provide a detailed overview of the current European regulatory framework. The approach to the European food legislation, regulated on multiple levels, seems to be very intricate because of the enormous amount of technical and very detailed provisions. This legislation can be analysed on two different levels. The first level concerns powers for public authorities and consequently the power of implementing and enforcing food law (information and risk communication, scientific risk assessment and emergency measures). The second one regards the requirements for food business operators. These requirements can be grouped into three different sub-categories: legislation concerning the product, legislation concerning the process (including withdrawal and recall procedures) and legislation with relation to the presentation of food products (labelling, publicity, risk communication). The last point is essential for the final consumer. The above-mentioned requirements, listed in the Regulation (CE) No 178/2002 (the backbone of the whole food security discipline in the EU), are critically discussed with concern to different topics: protection of consumers’ health, alerts at the European level, labelling requirements and traceability.

Keywords

European Food Safety Authority European Union Food business operator Information flow Labelling Risk communication Traceability 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ignazio Mania
    • 1
  • Amélia Martins Delgado
    • 2
  • Caterina Barone
    • 3
  • Salvatore Parisi
    • 4
  1. 1.Gambino Industrie Alimentari S.p.A.Carini, SicilyItaly
  2. 2.MeditBio-Centre for Mediterranean Bioresources and FoodUniversity of AlgarveFaroPortugal
  3. 3.Componiamo il Futuro (CO.I.F.) AssociationPalermoItaly
  4. 4.Componiamo il Futuro (CO.I.F.) AssociationPalermoItaly

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