Rethinking Community Policing – Collective Efficacy First

  • Heath B. Grant
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Criminology book series (BRIEFSCRIMINOL)


For decades now, community policing has been the focus of many training and technical assistance efforts, both within the United States and abroad. The term “Community Era” (Wilson and Kelling 1978) has even been applied to the contemporary field of policing given the emphasis on this approach to police operations and crime prevention. Despite its broad international appeal and logical connection to the urban issues of much of the developing world, there exists dizzying array of evaluation research studies that have produced very mixed results regarding its ability to impact crime, and even fear of crime. Aspects of community policing strategy, such as an emphasis on problem-solving, and many place-based policing strategies have been shown to be very significant in their ability to prevent or reduce crime.


  1. Alpert, G., Dunham, R., & Piquero, A. (1998). On the study of neighborhoods and the police. Community Policing: Contemporary Readings, 309–326.Google Scholar
  2. Grant, H. (2014). Social crime prevention in the developing world: Exploring the role of police. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  3. Higgins, B. R., & Hunt, J. (2016). Collective efficacy: Taking action to improve neighborhoods. NIJ Journal, 277, 18–21.Google Scholar
  4. Pattillo-McCoy, M. (1999). Black picket fences. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  5. Portes, A., & Sensenbrenner, J. (1993). Embeddedness and immigration: Notes on the social determinants of economic action. American Journal of Sociology, 98(6), 1320–1350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Sampson, R. J., Raudenbush, S. W., & Earls, F. (1997). Neighborhoods and violent crime: A multilevel study of collective efficacy. Science, 277(5328), 918–924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Shaw, C. R., & McKay, H. D. (1942). Juvenile delinquency and urban areas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  8. Wilson, W. W. (1996). When work disappears: The world of the new urban poor. New York: Alfred A Knopf.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heath B. Grant
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Law, Police Science and Criminal JusticeJohn Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations