Retinomotor and Stress Responses of Marbled Sole Pseudopleuronectes Yokohamae Under the LEDs

  • Rena ShibataEmail author
  • Yasuyuki Uto
  • Kenichi Ishibashi
  • Takashi Yada
Conference paper


Retinomotor and stress responses were examined under different LED spectra (blue, green and red), as well as under complete darkness and sunlight (control) for the marbled sole Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae juveniles to grasp bases for better culture condition, particularly toward prevention of the biting behaviour in hatchery. No difference was observed between green and control in the both responses, meaning that the retina under green were completely light-adapted. Cortisol concentrations in the peripheral blood plasma suggested the significantly higher stress level under red, while lower under blue and green. The present study demonstrated green was most suitable for the retinal light adaptation, and implied that green and blue were expected to reduce stress of fish.


Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae Retinomotor response Stress response LED 



Dr T. Azuma kindly gave us a lot of precious comments and suggestion to complete this manuscript. Dr. K. Sawada generously allowed us to use his LED light system. Dr. Y. Taga helped us for blood samplings. The authors would also like to thank Drs. T. Watanabe, S. Akeda, and Y. Ueno for their support to the present study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rena Shibata
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yasuyuki Uto
    • 2
  • Kenichi Ishibashi
    • 3
  • Takashi Yada
    • 4
  1. 1.National Research Institute of Fisheries EngineeringFisheries Research and Education AgencyKamisuJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Bay Fisheries LaboratoryChiba Prefectural Fisheries Research CenterFuttsuJapan
  3. 3.Seed Production Research LaboratoryChiba Prefectural Fisheries Research CenterFuttsuJapan
  4. 4.Nikko Station, Freshwater Fisheries Research DivisionNational Research Institute of Fisheries Science, Fisheries Research and Education AgencyNikkoJapan

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