Group Envy Freeness and Group Pareto Efficiency in Fair Division with Indivisible Items

  • Martin AleksandrovEmail author
  • Toby WalshEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11117)


We study the fair division of items to agents supposing that agents can form groups. We thus give natural generalizations of popular concepts such as envy-freeness and Pareto efficiency to groups of fixed sizes. Group envy-freeness requires that no group envies another group. Group Pareto efficiency requires that no group can be made better off without another group be made worse off. We study these new group properties from an axiomatic viewpoint. We thus propose new fairness taxonomies that generalize existing taxonomies. We further study near versions of these group properties as allocations for some of them may not exist. We finally give three prices of group fairness between group properties for three common social welfares (i.e. utilitarian, egalitarian and Nash).


Multi-agent systems Social choice Group Fair Division 


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical University of BerlinBerlinGermany

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