In Situ Phytoremediation of Metals

  • Mumtaz Khan
  • Salma Shaheen
  • Shafaqat AliEmail author
  • Zhang Yi
  • Li Cheng
  • Samrana
  • Muhammad Daud Khan
  • Muhammad Azam
  • Muhammad Rizwan
  • Muhammad Afzal
  • Ghazala Irum
  • Muhammad Jamil Khan
  • Zhu Shuijin
Part of the Concepts and Strategies in Plant Sciences book series (CSPS)


Metals are ubiquitous for life sustenance on earth, but their tremendous accumulation in ecosystems has caused contamination of soil and water resources. “Ex situ” and “in situ” are two possible remediating options. Ex situ remediation involves excavation of polluted soil followed by treatment, rendering it an expensive cleanup method. In situ phytoremediation is the onsite contaminant removal through plant uptake in a cost-effective and eco-friendly way. Phytoextraction and phytostabilization are two commonly practiced in situ phytoremediation strategies. This chapter focuses on basic concepts of in situ phytoremediation and removal of toxic heavy metals from soil–water environment.


Asteraceae Brassicaceae Crassulaceae Heavy metals Hyperaccumulation Lamiaceae phytoremediation Phytostabilization Phytoextraction Soil–water environment 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mumtaz Khan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Salma Shaheen
    • 2
  • Shafaqat Ali
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Zhang Yi
    • 1
  • Li Cheng
    • 1
  • Samrana
    • 1
  • Muhammad Daud Khan
    • 5
  • Muhammad Azam
    • 6
  • Muhammad Rizwan
    • 3
  • Muhammad Afzal
    • 7
  • Ghazala Irum
    • 8
  • Muhammad Jamil Khan
    • 2
  • Zhu Shuijin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture and BiotechnologyZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Soil and Environmental SciencesGomal UniversityDera Ismail KhanPakistan
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringGovernment College UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  4. 4.Department of Biological Sciences and TechnologyChina Medical University (CMU)TaichungTaiwan
  5. 5.Department of Biotechnology and Genetic EngineeringKohat University of Science and TechnologyKohatPakistan
  6. 6.Department of HorticultureUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  7. 7.College of Environmental and Resource SciencesZhejiang UniversityHangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  8. 8.National Center of Excellence in Physical ChemistryUniversity of PeshawarPeshawarPakistan

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