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Le syndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë de l’enfant : définition, épidémiologie, physiopathologie et prise en charge

  • M. LabenneEmail author
  • S. Dauger
  • J. Naudin
  • T. Gsell
  • O. Paut
Chapter
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Part of the Le point sur … book series (POINT)

Résumé

Le syndrome de détresse respiratoire aiguë (SDRA) est une défaillance respiratoire rapidement progressive décrite pour la première fois en 1967, par Ashbaugh et al. [1]. Les auteurs ont identifié 12 patients, âges de 11 à 48 ans, sans antécédent cardiorespiratoire particulier, présentant une détresse respiratoire aiguë avec polypnée, cyanose non améliorée par l’oxygénothérapie, baisse de la compliance pulmonaire et opacités alvéolaires diffuses à la radiographie du thorax [1]. Pendant de nombreuses années, les connaissances épidémiologiques, physiopathologiques et thérapeutiques ont peu progressé, du fait de l’absence de définition consensuelle de ce syndrome [2].

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Paris 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Labenne
    • 1
    Email author
  • S. Dauger
    • 2
  • J. Naudin
    • 2
  • T. Gsell
    • 1
  • O. Paut
    • 1
  1. 1.Département d’anesthésie et de réanimation pédiatriques, AP-HMHôpital de la Timone-enfants et Aix-Marseille UniversitéMarseille Cedex 5France
  2. 2.Service de réanimation et surveillance continue pédiatriques, AP-HPHôpital Robert-Debré et université Paris-DiderotParisFrance

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