L’incontinence anale chez l’adulte

Résumé

  • Connaître la stratégie d’exploration;

  • Connaître les possibilités thérapeutiques;

  • Connaître l’algorithme de traitement;

  • Rappeler les principales étiologies et les données épidémiologiques actuelles.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Références

  1. 1.
    Wald A. Clinical practice. Fecal incontinence in adults. N Engl J Med 2007; 356:1648–55.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Macmillan AK, Merrie AE, Marshall RJ, Parry BR. The prevalence of fecal incontinence in community-dwelling adults: a systematic review of the literature. Dis Colon Rectum 2004;47: 1341–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Damon H, Guye O, Seigneurin A, Long F, Sonko A, Faucheron JL, et al. Prevalence of anal incontinence in adults and impact on quality-of-life. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 2006;30:37–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oberwalder M, Connor J, Wexner SD. Meta-analysis to determine the incidence of obstetric anal sphincter damage. Br J Surg 2003;90:1333–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Snooks S, Henry MM, Swash M. Faecal incontinence after anal dilatation. Br J Surg 1984;71:617–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sultan AH, Kamm MA, Hudson CN, Nicholls JR, Bartram CI. Endosonography of the anal sphincters: normal anatomy and comparison with manometry. Clin Radiol 1994;49:368–74.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Damon H, Henry L, Valette PJ, Mion F. Incidence of sphincter defects in fecal incontinence: a prospective endosonographic study. Ann Chir 2000;125:643–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Abramowitz L, Sobhani I, Ganansia R, Vuagnat A, Benifla JL, Darai E, et al. Are sphincter defects the cause of anal incontinence after vaginal delivery? Results of a prospective study. Dis Colon Rectum 2000;43:590–6 discussion 6–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bharucha AE, Wald A, Enck P, Rao S. Functional anorectal disorders. Gastroenterology 2006;130:1510–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Diamant NE, Kamm MA, Wald A, Whitehead WE. AGA technical review on anorectal testing techniques. Gastroenterology 1999;116: 735–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bond C, Youngson G, MacPherson I, Garrett A, Bain N, Donald S, et al. Anal plugs for the management of fecal incontinence in children and adults: a randomized control trial. J Clin Gastroenterol 2007;41:45–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Byrne CM, Solomon MJ, Young JM, Rex J, Merlino CL. Biofeedback for fecal incontinence: short-term outcomes of 513 consecutive patients and predictors of successful treatment. Dis Colon Rectum 2007;50:417–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Pager CK, Solomon MJ, Rex J, Roberts RA. Long-term outcomes of pelvic floor exercise and biofeedback treatment for patients with fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum 2002;45:997–1003.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Norton C, Chelvanayagam S, Wilson-Barnett J, Redfern S, Kamm MA. Randomized controlled trial of biofeedback for fecal incontinence. Gastroenterology 2003;125:1320–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Schott AM, Damon H, Mion F, Siproudhis L. A randomized controlled trial of biofeedback that does not have the power to conclude. Gastroenterology 2004;126:1496–7;author reply 7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Queralto M, Portier G, Cabarrot PH, Bonnaud G, Chotard JP, Nadrigny M, et al. Preliminary results of peripheral transcutaneous neuromodulation in the treatment of idiopathic fecal incontinence. Int J Colorectal Dis 2006;21:670–2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Mentes BB, Yuksel O, Aydin A, Tezcaner T, Leventoglu A, Aytac B. Posterior tibial nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence after partial spinal injury: preliminary report. Tech Coloproctol 2007;25:25.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Vitton V, Damon H, Roman S, Nancey S, Flourie B, Mion F. Transcutaneous posterior tibial nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence in inflammatory bowel disease patients: A therapeutic option? Inflamm Bowel Dis 2008.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Jarrett ME, Mowatt G, Glazener CM, Fraser C, Nicholls RJ, Grant AM, et al. Systematic review of sacral nerve stimulation for faecal incontinence and constipation. Br J Surg 2004; 91:1559–69.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Leroi AM, Parc Y, Lehur PA, Mion F, Barth X, Rullier E, et al. Efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation for fecal incontinence: results of a multicenter double-blind crossover study. Ann Surg 2005;242:662–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Buie WD, Lowry AC, Rothenberger DA, Madoff RD. Clinical rather than laboratory assessment predicts continence after anterior sphincteroplasty. Dis Colon Rectum 2001;44:1255–60.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jacobs PP, Scheuer M, Kuijpers JH, Vingerhoets MH. Obstetric fecal incontinence. Role of pelvic floor denervation and results of delayed sphincter repair. Dis Colon Rectum 1990;33:494–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Karoui S, Leroi AM, Koning E, Menard JF, Michot F, Denis P. Results of sphincteroplasty in 86 patients with anal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum 2000;43:813–20.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Grey BR, Sheldon RR, Telford KJ, Kiff ES. Anterior anal sphincter repair can be of long term benefit: a 12-year case cohort from a single surgeon. BMC Surg 2007;7:1.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Siproudhis L, Morcet J, Laine F. Elastomer implants in faecal incontinence: a blind, randomized placebo-controlled study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2007;25:1125–32.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Vaizey CJ, Kamm MA. Injectable bulking agents for treating faecal incontinence. Br J Surg 2005;92:521–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pickrell K, Broadbent T, Masters F, Metzger J. Construction of a rectal sphincter and restoration of anal continence by transplanting the gracilis muscle; a report of four cases in children. Ann Surg 1952;135:853–62.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Madoff RD, Rosen HR, Baeten CG, LaFontaine LJ, Cavina E, Devesa M, et al. Safety and efficacy of dynamic muscle plasty for anal incontinence: lessons from a prospective, multi-center trial. Gastroenterology 1999;116:549–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Wong WD, Congliosi SM, Spencer MP, Corman ML, Tan P, Opelka FG, et al. The safety and efficacy of the artificial bowel sphincter for fecal incontinence: results from a multicenter cohort study. Dis Colon Rectum 2002;45:1139–53.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Auguste T, Dubreuil A, Bost R, Bonaz B, Faucheron JL. Technical and functional results after laparoscopic rectopexy to the promontory for complete rectal prolapse. Prospective study in 54 consecutive patients. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 2006;30:659–63.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Lefevre JH, Parc Y, Giraudo G, Bell S, Parc R, Tiret E. Outcome of antegrade continence enema procedures for faecal incontinence in adults. Br J Surg 2006;93:1265–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Norton C, Cody JD, Hosker G. Biofeedback and/or sphincter exercises for the treatment of faecal incontinence in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;3:CD002111.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Coggrave M, Wiesel PH, Norton C. Management of faecal incontinence and constipation in adults with central neurological diseases. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2006;CD002115.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Brown S, Nelson R. Surgery for faecal incontinence in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2007;2:CD001757.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France, Paris 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Mion
    • 1
  1. 1.Hospices Civils de Lyonuniversité Lyon 1, hôpital Edouard HerriotLyon cedex 03

Personalised recommendations