Graduated Compression Stockings and Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (P105)

  • Stéphane Perrey
  • Aurélien Bringard
  • Sébastien Racinais
  • Kostia Puchaux
  • Nicolas Belluye


Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a common experience following unaccustomed eccentric exercise. DOMS and associated force deficits may limit optimal performance in subsequent days. The cause of DOMS remains poorly understood, thus there is no effective treatment. Graduated compression stockings (GCS) are a commonly used intervention believed to diminish DOMS. The purpose of this study was to determine if GCS after eccentric walking exercise minimizes DOMS and associated deficits (e.g. muscle force capacity). Eight healthy subjects (age 26±4 yrs, height 175±8 cm, weight 70±5 kg) volunteered to perform a single bout of backward downhill walking exercise (duration 30 min, velocity 1 m.s−1, negative grade −25%, load 12% of body weight). Following walking exercise, subjects were required to wear 5 hours per day for 3 consecutive days GSC (SupportivTM) on one leg while the second was used as control. Muscle soreness and neuromuscular measures (M-wave, peak twitch, maximal voluntary torque or MVT) were taken pre and postwalk, then 2, 24, 48 and 72 hours post-walking exercise for the two legs. There was a 28% reduction in DOMS 72 h after exercise when wearing GCS (P<0.05) than in the control leg. Immediately after exercise there was a 15% decrease in MVT of the plantar flexors in both legs partly attributable to an alteration in contractile properties (−22% in electrically evoked mechanical twitch). In leg wearing GCS, MVT starts to recover while the contractile properties had significantly recovered within 24 h but not in the control leg. In the current study, GCS might have had the effect of compressing the muscle tissue to such an extent that less structural damage occurred relative to a control condition. GCS accelerated the recovery of the muscle force capacity at 24 hours beyond that achieved by the control condition.


stockings tissue management muscle damage soreness textile 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [BD1]
    Bringard A., Denis R., Belluye N. and Perrey S. Effects of compression tights on calf muscle oxygenation and venous pooling during quiet resting in supine and standing positions. In Journal of Sports in Medicine Physical and Fitness, 46(4): 548–54, 2006Google Scholar
  2. [CA1]
    Chatard J.C., Atlaoui D., Farjanel J., Louisy F., Rastel D. and Guézennec C.Y. Elastic stockings, performance and leg pain recovery in 63-year-old sportsmen. In European Journal of Applied Physiology 93(3): 347–352, 2004CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [G1]
    Gandevia SC. Spinal and supraspinal factors in human muscle fatigue. In Physiological Review, 81(4): 1725–1789, 2001Google Scholar
  4. [H1]
    Hough T. Ergographic studies in muscular soreness. In American Journal of Physiology, 7: 76–92, 1902Google Scholar
  5. [JB1]
    Jonker M., de Boer E., Ader H.J. and Bezemer P.D. The oedema-protective effect of lycra support stockings. In Dermatology, 203: 294–298, 2001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [KB1]
    Kraemer W.J., Bush J.A., Wickham R.B., Denegar C.R., Gómez A.L., Gotshalk L.A., Duncan N.D., Volek J.S., Putukian M. and Sebastianelli W.J. Influence of compression therapy on symptoms following soft tissue injury from maximal eccentric exercise. In Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 31(6): 282–290, 2001Google Scholar
  7. [KB2]
    Kraemer W.J., Bush J.A., Wickham R.B., Denegar C.R., Gómez A.L., Gotshalk L.A., Duncan N.D., Volek J.S., Newton R.U., Putukian M. and Sebastianelli W.J. Continuous compression as an effective therapeutic intervention in treating eccentric-exercise-induced muscle soreness. In Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 10: 11–23, 2001Google Scholar
  8. [M1]
    McHugh MP. Recent advances in the understanding of the repeated bout effect: the protective effect against muscle damage from a single bout of eccentric exercise. In Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 13: 88–97, 2003CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [NG1]
    Noonan T.J. and Garrett W.E., Jr., Muscle strain Injury: diagnosis and treatment. In Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 7: 262–269, 1999Google Scholar
  10. [NM1]
    Newham D.J., Mills K.R., Quigley B.M. and Edwards R.H. Pain and fatigue after concentric and eccentric muscle contractions. In Clinical Science (London), 64(1): 55–62, 1983Google Scholar
  11. [NN1]
    Nottle C. and Nosaka K. The magnitude of muscle damage induced by downhill backward walking. In Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 8(3): 264–273, 2005CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. [TR1]
    Trenell M.I., Rooney K.B., Sue C.M. and Thompson C.H. Compression garments and recovery from eccentric exercise: a 31 P-mrs study. In Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 5: 106–114, 2006Google Scholar
  13. [WD1]
    Weiss R.A. and Duffy D. Clinical benefits of lightweight compression: reduction of venous-related symptoms by ready-to-wear lightweight gradient compression hosiery. In Dermatologic Surgery, 25(9): 701–704, 1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag France, Paris 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stéphane Perrey
    • 1
  • Aurélien Bringard
    • 1
  • Sébastien Racinais
    • 1
  • Kostia Puchaux
    • 2
  • Nicolas Belluye
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Sports Science (UFR STAPS)EA 2991 Motor Efficiency and Deficiency LabMontpellier
  2. 2.Decathlon Test and Research CenterVilleneuve d’AscqFrance

Personalised recommendations