Factory of the Future: A Service-oriented System of Modular, Dynamic Reconfigurable and Collaborative Systems

  • A.-W. Colombo
  • S. Karnouskos
  • J.-M. Mendes
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing book series (SSAM)


Modern enterprises operate on a global scale and depend on complex business processes performed in highly distributed production systems. Business continuity needs to be guaranteed, while changes at some or many of the distributed shop-floors should happen on-the-fly without stopping the production process as a whole. Unfortunately, there are limits and barriers that hinder the business requirements in beating tackled timely in the shop-floors due to missing modularity, agile reconfigurability, collaboration and open communication among the systems. However, as the number of sophisticated networked embedded devices in the shop-floors increases, service-oriented architecture (SOA) concepts can now be pushed down from the upper information technology level to the device level, and provide a better collaboration between the business systems and the production systems. This leads to highly modular, dynamic reconfigurable factories that build a collaborative system of systems that can adapt and optimize its behaviour to achieve the business goals. The work presented in this chapter shows directions to achieve this dynamism by means of SOA introduction in all layers, increased collaboration and close coupling of production sites and enterprise systems.


Enterprise Architecture Enterprise System Enterprise Resource Planning Enterprise Resource Planning System Collaborative System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Cândido G, Barata J, Colombo AW. et al. (2009) SOA in reconfigurable supply chains: a research roadmap. Eng. Appl. Artif. Intell., 22(6):939–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Colombo AW, Harrison R (2008) Modular and collaborative automation: achieving manufacturing flexibility and reconfigurability. Int. J. Manuf. Tech. Magmt., 14(3/4):249–265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Colombo AW, S. Karnouskos (2009) Towards the factory of the future: A service-oriented crosslayer infrastructure. In: ICT Shaping The World - A Scientific View, chapter 6, John Wiley and Sons, UKGoogle Scholar
  4. Du R, Elbestavi, Wu S (1995) Automated monitoring of manufacturing processes, Part 1: monitoring methods. J. Eng. Ind., 117:121–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Feldmann K, Colombo AW (1998) Material flow and control sequence specification of flexible production systems using coloured petri nets. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Tech., 14(10):760–774CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fleisch E, Mattern F (2005) Das internet der dinge: ubiquitous computing und RFID in der praxis: Visionen, technologien, anwendungen, Handlungsanleitungen, SpringerGoogle Scholar
  7. Gorbach G, Nick R (2002) Collaborative manufacturing management strategies. White paper, ARC Advisory GroupGoogle Scholar
  8. Jammes F, Smit H. (2005) Service-oriented paradigms in industrial automation. IEEE Trans. on Ind. Info., 1(1):62–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jamshidi M (2008) Systems of systems engineering: principles and applications. CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  10. Karnouskos S, Baecker O, de Souza LMS et al. (2007) Integration of soa-ready networked embedded devices in enterprise systems via a cross-layered web service infrastructure. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA), pp. 293–300Google Scholar
  11. Karnouskos S, Bangemann T, Diedrich C (2009) Integration of legacy devices in the future SOA-based factory. In: Proceedings of the 13th IFAC Symposium on Information Control Problems in Manufacturing (INCOM'2009), Moscow, RussiaGoogle Scholar
  12. Kennedy P, Bapat V, Kurchina P (2008) In pursuit of the perfect plant. Evolved technologist, ISBN 978-0978921866Google Scholar
  13. Kreyszig E (1989) Introductory functional analysis with applications. Wiley and SonsGoogle Scholar
  14. Leitão P, Mendes JM, Colombo WC (2008) Decision support system in a service-oriented control architecture for industrial automation. In: Proceedings of the 13th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA’08), pp. 1228-1235, Hamburg, Germany, 15–18 SepGoogle Scholar
  15. Marron PJ, Karnouskos S, Minder D et al. (2009) Research roadmap on cooperating objects. European communities, ISBN 978-92-79-12046-6Google Scholar
  16. Memmi G, Roucairol G (1979) Linear algebra in net theory. Lect. Notes in Comp. Sci., 84:213–223MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  17. Mendes JM, Bepperling A, Pinto J et al. (2009) Software methodologies for the engineering of service-oriented industrial automation: The continuum project. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual IEEE Computer Software and Applications Conf. (COMPSAC’09), Seattle, USA. 20-24 JulyGoogle Scholar
  18. Murata T (1989) Petri nets: properties, analysis and applications. Proc. of the IEEE, 77(4):541–580CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Namur (2007) Scholar
  20. Nick R, Polsonetti C (2003) Collaborative automation: The platform for operational excellence. White paper, ARC Advisory GroupGoogle Scholar
  21. PERA (2006) Purdue reference architecture, Scholar
  22. Pfadenhauer K, Kittl B, Dustdar S et al. (2006) Shop-floor information management and SOA. Lect. Notes in Comp. Sci., 4103:237–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Silva M, Valette R (1989) Petri nets and flexible manufacturing. Advances in Petri nets. Lect. Not. In Comp. Sci., 424:374–417Google Scholar
  24. Spiess P, Karnouskos S, Guinard D et al. (2009) SOA-based integration of the Internet of things in enterprise services. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS09), Los Angeles, CA, USA, 6–10 JulyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schneider Electric Automation GmbHSeligenstadtGermany
  2. 2.SAP ResearchSAP AGKarlsruheGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

Personalised recommendations