Real-world Service Interaction with Enterprise Systems in Dynamic Manufacturing Environments

  • S. KarnouskosEmail author
  • D. Savio
  • P. Spiess
  • D. Guinard
  • V. Trifa
  • O. Baecker
Part of the Springer Series in Advanced Manufacturing book series (SSAM)


The factory of the future will be heavily based on internet and web technologies. A new generation of devices with embedded hardware and software will feature greatly improved storage, computing, and networking capabilities. This will lead to a system landscape of millions of networked devices that is heterogeneous with respect to functionality but features standard interfaces. This new breed of devices will not only be able to store and report information about themselves and their physical surroundings, but execute more computations and local logic. They will form collaborative peer-to-peer networks and also connect to central systems. By eliminating media breaks, e.g. by replacing manual data entry with a direct connection to devices, this “internet of things” will feature end-to-end connectivity, making the models of the real world, as they exist in business systems, follow reality more precisely and with shorter delay. This will change the way we design, deploy and use services at all layers of the system, be it the device, line, plant, or company level or even between collaborating organizations. This chapter describes an architecture for effective integration of the services from the internet of things with enterprise services. We describe the case of centrally managing a population of devices that are located at different sites, including dynamic discovery of devices and the services they offer, near real-time cross-site interaction, interaction with business processes and distributed system management.


Sensor Node Business Process Service Composition Shop Floor Enterprise System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ahmed R, Hall T, Wernick P et al. (2008) Software process simulation modelling: A survey of practice. J. Simul., 2:91–102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bonabeau E, Dorigo M, Theraulaz G (1999) Swarm intelligence from natural to artificial systems. Oxford Univ. Press, New York, 1999zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Chan S, Kaler C, Kuehnel T et al. (2005) Devices profile for web services. Microsoft Developers Network LibraryGoogle Scholar
  4. Cianci C, Trifa V, Martinoli A (2005) Threshold-based algorithms for power-aware load balancing in sensor networks. In: Proceedings of 2005 IEEE Swarm Intelligence Symposium, IEEE-SIS, Passadena, CA, USAGoogle Scholar
  5. Cimetrix (2009) SECS/GEM SEMI standards overview, Scholar
  6. Colombo A W, Karnouskos S (2009) Towards the factory of the future–a service-oriented crosslayer infrastructure. ICT shaping the world, a scientific view. ETSI, John Wiley and Sons LtdGoogle Scholar
  7. de Souza LMS, Spiess P, Guinard D et al. (2008) Socrades: A web service based shop floor integration infrastructure. In: Proceedings of Internet of Things 2008 Conference, Zurich, Switzerland, 26–28 MarchGoogle Scholar
  8. Dickerson R , Lu J, Whitehouse K (2008) Stream feeds: an abstraction for the world wide sensor web. In: Proceedings of the 1st Internet of Things Conference (IOT), Zurich, Switzerland, 26–28 MarchGoogle Scholar
  9. Drytkiewicz W, Radusch I, Arbanowski S et al. (2004) A REST-based protocol for pervasive systems. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems, pp. 340–348Google Scholar
  10. Fielding RT (2000) Architectural styles and the design of network-based software architectures. PhD thesis, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, California, USAGoogle Scholar
  11. Fielding RT, Taylor RN (2002) Principled design of the modern web architecture. ACM Trans. Internet Techn., 2(2):115–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fleisch E, Mattern F (2005) Das Internet der Dinge: Ubiquitous Computing und RFID in der Praxis: Visionen, Technologien, Anwendungen, Handlungsanleitungen. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  13. Guinard D, Trifa V (2009) Towards the Web of Things: Web Mashups for Embedded Devices. In : Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Mashups, Enterprise Mashups and Lightweight Composition on the Web (MEM 2009), Madrid, Spain, 20 AprilGoogle Scholar
  14. Guinard D, Trifa V, Pham T et al. (2009) Towards physical mashups in the web of things. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Networked Sensing Systems (INSS 2009)Google Scholar
  15. Hoyer V, Stanoesvka-Slabeva K, Janner T et al. (2008) Enterprise mashups: design principles towards the long tail of user needs. In: Proceedings of IEEE Services Computing, 2:601–602Google Scholar
  16. Jammes F, Smit H (2005) Service-oriented paradigms in industrial automation. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, pp. 62–70Google Scholar
  17. Karnouskos S, Baecker O, de Souza LMS et al. (2007) Integration of soa-ready networked embedded devices in enterprise systems via a cross-layered web service infrastructure. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation (ETFA), pp. 293–300Google Scholar
  18. Kennedy P, Bapat V, Kurchina P (2008) In pursuit of the perfect plant. Evolved Technologist, ISBN 978-0978921866Google Scholar
  19. Liu X, Hui Y, Sun W et al. (2007) Towards service composition based on mashup. In: Proceedings of IEEE Service Computing, pp. 332–339Google Scholar
  20. Luckenbach T, Gober P, Arbanowski S et al. (2005) TinyREST–a protocol for integrating sensor networks into the internet. In: Proceedings of REALWSNGoogle Scholar
  21. Mahnke W, Leitner SH, Damm M (2009) OPC Unified Architecture. Springer, 1st edition, ISBN 3540688986Google Scholar
  22. Marin-Perianu M, Meratnia N, Havinga P et al. (2007) Decentralized enterprise systems: a multiplatform wireless sensor network approach. IEEE, Wireless Communications. ISSN 1536-1284Google Scholar
  23. Pidd M, Robinson S (2007) Organising insights into simulation practice. In: Proceedings of the 2007 Winter Simulation Conference, pp. 771–775Google Scholar
  24. Priyantha NB, Kansal A, Goraczko M et al. (2008) Tiny web services: design and implementation of interoperable and evolvable sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 6th ACM conference on Embedded Network Sensor Systems, Raleigh, NC, USA, pp. 253–266Google Scholar
  25. SAP (2008) Towards a European Strategy for the Future Internet,\s\do5(W)P\s\do5(F)utureInternet.pdfGoogle Scholar
  26. Trifa V, Wieland S, Guinard D et al. (2009) Design and implementation of a gateway for webbased interaction and management of embedded devices In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Sensor Network Engineering (IWSNE’09), Marina del Rey, CA, USAGoogle Scholar
  27. Wilde E (2007) Putting things to REST. Technical Report UCB iSchool Report 2007-015, School of Information, November, UC BerkeleyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Karnouskos
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Savio
    • 1
  • P. Spiess
    • 1
  • D. Guinard
    • 1
  • V. Trifa
    • 1
  • O. Baecker
    • 1
  1. 1.SAP ResearchSAP AGKarlsruheGermany

Personalised recommendations