Simulating the Human Motion Under Functional Electrical Stimulation Using the HuMAnS Toolbox

  • Martine EckertEmail author
  • Mitsuhiro Hayashibe
  • David Guiraud
  • Pierre-brice Wieber
  • Philippe Fraisse


Mathematical models of the skeletal muscle can support the development of neuroprostheses to restore functional movements in individuals with motor deficiencies by means of XE “Functional electrical stimulation (XE “FES” ). Since many years, numerous skeletal muscle models have been proposed to express the relationship between muscle activation and generated force. One of them (Makssoud et al.), integrates the Hill model and the physiological one based on Huxley work allowing the muscle activation under FES. We propose in this chapter an improvement of this model by modifying the activation part. These improvements are highlighted through the HuMAnS (Humanoid Motion Analysis and Simulation) toolbox using a 3D biomechanical model of human named Human 36. This chapter describes this toolbox and the software implementation of the model. Then, we present the results of the simulation.


Functional Electrical Stimulation Muscle Model Contractile Component Active Stiffness Recruitment Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Thanks to C. Azevedo-Coste, M. Benoussaad, and R. Mozul for their precious help in this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martine Eckert
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mitsuhiro Hayashibe
    • 2
  • David Guiraud
    • 2
  • Pierre-brice Wieber
    • 3
  • Philippe Fraisse
    • 2
  1. 1.IMERIRPerpignanFrance
  2. 2.DEMAR Project, INRIA – LIRMMMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.BIPOP Project, INRIAGrenobleFrance

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