Advertisement

Peter Checkland

  • Magnus Ramage
  • Karen Shipp

Peter Bernard Checkland has had a huge influence on systems thinking, especially in the fields of management and information systems, although his ideas have been taken up in a wide range of fields. He is most notable for the development of Soft Systems Methodology (SSM), deriving from an action research programme lasting more than 30 years. As well as methodological innovations, Checkland introduced a number of key conceptual developments, in particular his distinction between ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ systems thinking, and his championing of the soft approach. As Mingers (2000, p. 747) notes, “SSM has reoriented an entire discipline and touched the lives of literally thousands of people … [soft] thinking is now completely taken for granted within the systems discipline”.

Keywords

Nylon Lewin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Checkland, P.B. (1980). The systems movement and the ‘Failure’ of ‘Management Science’. Cybernetics and Systems, 11(4), 317–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Checkland, P. B. (1981). Systems thinking, systems practice. Chichester: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  3. Checkland, P.B. (1985). From optimizing to learning: A development of systems thinking for the 1990s'. Journal of the Operational Research Society 36(9), 757–767.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Checkland, P. B., & Holwell, S. E. (1998a). Information, systems and information systems – making sense of the field. Chichester: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  5. Checkland, P.B., & Holwell, S.E. (1998b). Action research: Its nature and validity. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 11(1), 9–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Checkland, P.B. (2000a). Soft systems methodology: A thirty year retrospective. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 17(S1), S11–S58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Checkland, P.B. (2000b). New maps of knowledge. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 17(S1), S59–S75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Checkland, P.B., & Poulter, J. (2006). Learning for action: A short definitive account of soft systems methodology and its use for practitioners, teachers, and students. Chichester: John Wiley.Google Scholar
  9. Flood, R.L. (2000). A brief review of Peter B. Checkland's contribution to systemic thinking. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 13(6), 723–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mingers, J. (2000). An idea ahead of its time: The history and development of Soft Systems Methodology. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 13(6), 733–755.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Winter, M. (2000). The relevance of soft systems thinking. Human Resource Development International, 3(3), 377–383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© of Springer Science+Business Media 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Magnus Ramage
    • 1
  • Karen Shipp
    • 1
  1. 1.The Open UniversityMilton KeynesUK

Personalised recommendations