Mitral Valve

  • Michael Y. HeneinEmail author
  • Mary Sheppard
  • John R. Pepper
  • Michael Rigby


The mitral valve is composed of two leaflets, an annulus, chordae tendineae, and two papillary muscles. The anterior (aortic) leaflet is attached to the root of the aorta in direct continuity with the aortic valve and the membranous septum, and has a rectangular shape involving one-third of the ­circumference of the annulus. The posterior leaflet is continuous with the posterior wall of the left atrium and is longer than the anterior leaflet occupying two-thirds of the circumference of the mitral annulus.


Mitral Valve Mitral Regurgitation Papillary Muscle Mitral Stenosis Mitral Valve Replacement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Supplementary material

Video 1.1

Apical 4 chamber view showing normal mitral valve

Video 1.avi (7,267 KB)

Video 1.2

Apical 3D apical view

Video 2.avi (11,707 KB)

Video 1.3

Parasternal long axis view from a patient with rheumatic MV leaflets

Video 3.avi (4,369 KB)

Video 1.4

Parasternal short axis view from the same patient

Video 4.avi (6,822 KB)

76621_2_En_1_MOESM5_ESM.mpg (2.2 mb)
Video 1.5 Transesophageal 4 chamber view from a patient with rheumatic MV disease and spontaneous echo contrast in the left atrium Video 5.avi (2,267 KB)
Video 1.6

Balloon valvuloplasty procedure in a patient with severe rheumatic mitral stenosis

video 6.mpg (3,087 KB)

76621_2_En_1_MOESM7_ESM.mpg (2.5 mb)
Video 1.7 Rheumatic mitral and aortic valve disease video 07.avi (2,546 KB)
Video 1.8

Rheumatic mitral and aortic valve disease- color Doppler

video 08.avi (972 KB)

76621_2_En_1_MOESM9_ESM.mpg (1.6 mb)
Video 1.9 Apical 4 chamber view from a patient with rheumatic mitral and tricuspid valve disease video 09.avi (1,686 KB)
Video 1.10

Parasternal 3D images showing anterior mitral valve leaflet prolapsed

video 10.avi (3,867 KB)

Video 1.11

Transesophageal images from a patient with posterior mitral leaflet prolapse due to ruptured chordate

video 11.avi (3,582 KB)

Video 1.12

Transesophgeal images from the same patient showing color Doppler mitral regurgitation

video 12.avi (1,704 KB)

76621_2_En_1_MOESM13_ESM.mpg (2.9 mb)
Video 1.13 Transesophageal images from a patient with posterior mitral leaflet prolapse and redundant anterior leaflet video 13.avi (2,979KB)
76621_2_En_1_MOESM14_ESM.mpg (1.4 mb)
Video 1.14 Transesophageal images from the same patient with color Doppler demonstrating the severity of mitral regurgitation video 14.avi (1,441 KB)
Video 1.15

Parasternal short axis 3D images showing anterior and posterior mitral leaflet prolapsed

video 15.avi (9,232 KB)

76621_2_En_1_MOESM16_ESM.mpg (1.6 mb)
Video 1.16 Apical views showing color Doppler 3D images of mild mitral regurgitation video 16.avi (1,595 KB)
76621_2_En_1_MOESM17_ESM.mpg (2.1 mb)
Video 1.17 Apical views showing color Doppler 3D images of severe mitral regurgitation video 12.avi (2,117 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Y. Henein
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mary Sheppard
    • 2
  • John R. Pepper
    • 2
  • Michael Rigby
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Public Health and Clinical Medical and Heart CenterUmea UniversityUmeaSweden
  2. 2.Royal Brompton HospitalLondonUK

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