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Inflammatory Eye Disease

  • James T. Rosenbaum
  • George N. Papaliodis

Abstract

The eye is frequently the target of immune-mediated inflammation, either as the sole organ involved or as part of a multiorgan system disease. Systemic inflammatory disorders tend to involve the eye in characteristic manners. As examples, disorders associated with HLA-B27 often cause a highly symptomatic anterior uveitis; Behcet's disease can cause a subclinical but ultimately vision-threatening posterior uveitis; and Wegener's granulomatosis is associated with scleritis, peripheral ulcerative keratitis, and orbital pseudotumor. The diagnosis of systemic disease can therefore be inferred from the specific types of ocular involvement. The uveal tract is divided into anterior, intermediate, and posterior segments. “Anterior uveitis” and “iritis” are synonyms.

Keywords

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Tumor Necrosis Factor Inhibitor Anterior Uveitis Retinal Vasculitis Sympathetic Ophthalmia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • James T. Rosenbaum
    • 1
  • George N. Papaliodis
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Ophthalmology, Division of Arthritis and Rheumatic DiseasesOregon Health and Science University, Casey Eye InstitutePortlandUSA
  2. 2.Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary Ocular Immunology ClinicBoston

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