Overview: Rationale and Terminology



In the last several decades, with the advent of the Internet and globalization, the world has seen unprecedented information dissemination and exchange. Accompanying this explosion of information has been an unquestionable and previously unparalleled increase in the development and propagation of technology and techniques in medicine and, in particular, in minimally invasive surgery. Herein, we provide currently accepted usage of nomenclature and the rationale for utilitization of natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) in urology.


LESS Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery Single site Nomenclature NOTES Natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Urology, Department of SurgeryUniversity of Vermont College of MedicineBurlingtonUSA

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