Fingerprint Synthesis and Spoof Detection
This chapter addresses two topical issues in the field of fingerprint-based biometric systems: fingerprint template reverse-engineering, that is, the synthesis of fingerprint images starting from minutiae-based templates; and fake fingerprint detection, that is, discriminating between real and fake fingerprint impressions, the latter generated by artificial reproductions of a finger. After a brief review of the current state of the art, two innovative techniques are discussed in detail: a reconstruction approach able to synthesize a valid fingerprint image from an ISO 19794-2 template and a fake fingerprint detection method based on analysis of the finger odor.
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