Crossmodal Ambient Displays
Ambient displays have for some time been proposed as a means of providing situated information to users in public spaces in a manner that minimizes the invasive nature of traditional displays, and reduces the distraction caused to bystanders. We explicitly address these shortcomings and present a novel information display framework called a crossmodal ambient display. CrossFlow is a crossmodal ambient display prototype for indoor navigation, that exploits aspects of crossmodal cognition in providing users with the facility to decode temporally multiplexed information in an animated ambient display. We describe a number of benefits of crossmodal ambient displays relating to both privacy and performance. Initial user studies have demonstrated that, compared to traditional navigation aids such as maps, crossmodal displays have the potential to significantly enhance the navigation performance of users whilst at the same time leading to a reduction on the cognitive load imposed by tasks such as navigation.
Keywordsambient displays crossmodal cognition crossmodal displays
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Hart, S. & Staveland, L. , Development of NASA-TLX (Task Load Index): Results of Empirical and Theoretical Research, in P. Hancock & N. Meshkati (eds.), Human Mental Workload, North-Holland, pp. 139–83.Google Scholar
- Ishii, H., Wisneski, C., Brave, S., Dahley, A., Gorbet, M., Ullmer, B. & Yarin, P. , ambientROOM: Integrating Ambient Media with Architectural Space, in C.-M. Karat & A. Lund (eds.), CHI’98 Conference Summary of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Press, pp. 173–4.Google Scholar
- Kray, C., Kortuem, G. & Krüger, A. , Adaptive Navigation Support with Public Displays, in R. St. Amant, J. Riedl & A. Jameson (eds.), Proceedings of the 10th ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interface (IUI 2005), ACM Press, pp.326–8.Google Scholar
- Luck, S. J. & Vecera, S. P. , Attention, in H. Pashler & S. Yantis (eds.), Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology, Volume 1, Sensation and Perception, John Wiley & Sons, pp.235–86.Google Scholar
- Mynatt, E. D., Back, M., Want, R., Baer, M. & Ellis, J. B. , Designing Audio Aura, in C.-M. Karat, A. Lund, J. Coutaz & J. Karat (eds.), Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI’98), ACM Press, pp.566–73.Google Scholar
- Pedersen, E. R. & Sokoler, T. , AROMA: Abstract Representation of Presence Supporting Mutual Awareness, in S. Pemberton (ed.), Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI’97), ACM Press, pp.51–8.Google Scholar
- Plaue, C., Miller, T. & Stasko, J. , Is a Picture Worth a Thousand Words?: An Evaluation of Information Awareness Displays, in W. Heidrich & R. Balakrishnan (eds.), Proceedings of Graphics Interface 2004, A. K. Peters, pp.117–26. http.//www.graphicsinterface.org/proceedings/2004/.Google Scholar
- Prante, T., Stenzel, R., Röcker, C., Streitz, N. & Magerkurth, C. , Ambient Agoras: InfoRiver, SIAM, Hello.Wall, in E. Dykstra-Erickson & M. Tscheligi (eds.), CHI’04 Extended Abstracts of the Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, ACM Press, pp.763–4.Google Scholar
- Redström, J., Skog, T. & Hallnäs , Informative Art: Using Amplified Artworks as Information Displays, in W. E. Mackay (ed.), Proceedings of DARE 2000 on Designing Augmented Reality Environments, ACM Press, pp. 103–114.Google Scholar
- Vogel, D. & Balakrishnan, R. , Interactive Public Ambient Displays: Transitioning from Implicit to Explicit, Public to Personal, Interaction with Multiple Users, in S. K. Feiner & J. A. Landay (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th Annual ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology (UIST’04), CHI Letters 6(2), ACM Press, pp. 137–46.Google Scholar
- Wisneski, C., Ishii, H., Dahley, A., Gorbet, M. G., Brave, S., Ullmer, B. & Yarin, P. , Ambient Displays: Turning Architectural Space into an Interface between People and Digital Information, in N. A. Streitz, S. Konomi & H.-J. Burkhardt (eds.), Cooperative Buildings: Integrating Information, Organizations, and Architecture. First International Workshop, CoBuild’98, Vol. 1370 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, pp.22–32.Google Scholar