Extracorporeal Magnetic Stimulation
Until recently, stimulation of the pelvic tissues was only possible by the direct application of electrial current. However, new devices utilizing a pulsed electromagnetic field have been developed, which may achieve a similar effect. This magnetic stimulation is based, indications for its use, and summaries of current clinical experiences.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.Brubaker L. Electrical stimulation in overactive baldder. Urology. 2005;55 (Suppl 5A):17–23.Google Scholar
- 6.Fall M, Lindstrom S. Electrical stimulation. A physiological approach to the treatment of urinary incontinence. Urol Clin N Am. 1991;18: 393–407.Google Scholar
- 7.Craggs MD, McFarlane JP, Knight SL, et al. Detrusor relaxation of the normal and pathological bladder. Br J Urol. 1997;79(Suppl 4):58–59.Google Scholar
- 9.Sherriff MK, Shah PJ, Fowler C, et al. Neuromodulation of detrusor hyperreflexia by functional magnetic stimulation of the sacral nerve roots. Br J Urol. 1996;78:39–46.Google Scholar
- 11.Morris AR, Dunkley P, O’Sullivan R, et al. Idiopathic detrusor instability — a double blind, randomised trial of electromagnetic stimulation therapy versus sham therapy. Proc Intl Cont Soc Heidelberg. 2002;142–143.Google Scholar
- 13.Gilling P, Kennett I, Bell D, et al. A double blind randomized trial comparing magnetic stimulation of the pelvic floor to sham treatment for women with stress urinary incontinence. Proc Aust Urol Soc. 2000.Google Scholar
- 17.Unsall A, Saglam R, Cimentepe E. Extracorporeal magnetic stimulation for the treatment of stress and urge incontinence in women. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2004;37:424–428.Google Scholar
- 20.Morris AR, O’Sullivan RO, Dunkley P et al. Extracorporeal magnetic stimulation if female detrusor overactivity: simultaneous cystometry testing and a randomized sham controlled trial. in press.Google Scholar
- 22.Shoberi SA, Chesson RR, Echols KT, et al. Evaluation of extracorporeal magnetic innervation for the treatment of faecal incontinence. Proc Int Cont Soc Florence. 2003; Abstract # 324.Google Scholar
- 23.Madersbacher H, Pilloni. Efficacy of extracorporeal magnetic innervation therapy (ExMI) in comparison to standard therapy for stress, urge and mixed incontinence: a randomized prospective trial. Proc Intl Cont Soc Florence. 2003; Abstract # 367.Google Scholar