Dietary Assessment in Kidney Disease
Understanding the dietary intake of people with kidney disease is fundamental to addressing their treatment or for the prevention or progression of disease. Several recent guidelines on chronic kidney disease (CKD) vary on recommendations for assessing the dietary intake of patients (Table 3.1) [1–8]. Whether the approach to assessing dietary intake is considered warranted is not discussed in these guidelines, so perhaps it is not an issue of the reliability of dietary intake assessment methods but rather one of the origin of the guidelines. For example, the guidelines from the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF KDOQI) on nutrition  are written to be multidisciplinary and include guidelines for dietitians. The guidelines for CKD that were produced by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics are written specifically for dietitians . However, many of the other guidelines for CKD are physician specific, and obtaining the dietary record is not included in their guidelines, perhaps because physicians do not normally collect this information. In contrast, assessment of dietary intake is a significant practice of dietetics, and they routinely evaluate dietary intake in assessing the nutritional status of patients.
KeywordsDietary intake assessment Dietary record Food Frequency Questionnaire Recommended dietary allowance Chronic kidney disease Acute kidney injury Hemodialysis Kidney transplantation Biomarkers
Acceptable macronutrient distribution range
Automated Multiple-Pass Method
Automated self-administered 24-h recall
Body mass index
Basal metabolic rate
Chronic kidney disease
Dietary energy intake
Diet History Questionnaire
Dietary protein intake
Dietary Reference Intakes
Estimated average requirement
Evidence-based practice guideline
Estimated energy requirement
Exchange Lists for Meal Planning
Food Frequency Questionnaire
Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Surveys
Institute of Medicine
Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative
Dialyzer solute clearance (K), time on dialysis (t), volume of solute distribution (V)
National Cooperative Dialysis Study
National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Observing protein and energy nutrition
Protein catabolic rate
Recommended dietary allowance
Resting energy expenditure
Total energy expenditure
Tolerable upper intake level
United States Department of Agriculture
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