Dietary Assessment in Kidney Disease

  • Linda W. Moore
Part of the Nutrition and Health book series (NH)


Understanding the dietary intake of people with kidney disease is fundamental to addressing their treatment or for the prevention or progression of disease. Several recent guidelines on chronic kidney disease (CKD) vary on recommendations for assessing the dietary intake of patients (Table 3.1) [1–8]. Whether the approach to assessing dietary intake is considered warranted is not discussed in these guidelines, so perhaps it is not an issue of the reliability of dietary intake assessment methods but rather one of the origin of the guidelines. For example, the guidelines from the National Kidney Foundation Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF KDOQI) on nutrition [1] are written to be multidisciplinary and include guidelines for dietitians. The guidelines for CKD that were produced by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics are written specifically for dietitians [4]. However, many of the other guidelines for CKD are physician specific, and obtaining the dietary record is not included in their guidelines, perhaps because physicians do not normally collect this information. In contrast, assessment of dietary intake is a significant practice of dietetics, and they routinely evaluate dietary intake in assessing the nutritional status of patients.


Dietary intake assessment Dietary record Food Frequency Questionnaire Recommended dietary allowance Chronic kidney disease Acute kidney injury Hemodialysis Kidney transplantation Biomarkers 



Adequate intake


Acceptable macronutrient distribution range


Automated Multiple-Pass Method


Automated self-administered 24-h recall


Body mass index


Basal metabolic rate


Chronic kidney disease


Dietary energy intake


Diet History Questionnaire


Dietary protein intake


Dietary Reference Intakes


Estimated average requirement


Evidence-based practice guideline


Estimated energy requirement


Energy intake


Exchange Lists for Meal Planning


Food Frequency Questionnaire


Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Surveys


Institute of Medicine


Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative


Dialyzer solute clearance (K), time on dialysis (t), volume of solute distribution (V)


National Cooperative Dialysis Study


National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey


Observing protein and energy nutrition


Protein catabolic rate


Recommended dietary allowance


Resting energy expenditure


Total energy expenditure


Tolerable upper intake level


United States Department of Agriculture


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Research ProgramsHouston Methodist HospitalHoustonUSA

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