Epidemiology of Stroke
Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the USA, and it is the second leading cause of death worldwide.
Although there has been a decline in stroke incidence and mortality in the USA, this trend is not expected to last. With the aging of the population, the incidence and deaths from stroke are likely to skyrocket, and epidemiologists have warned of a stroke epidemic in the next 25 years.
Stroke incidence and mortality will increase more quickly in low-income and middle-income countries because of the increases in the prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease, including urbanization and Western-style dietary changes.
KeywordsEpidemiology Stroke Mortality Incidence Intracerebral hemorrhage
Disability Adjusted Life Years
Intracerebral Hemorrhagic Stroke
Transient Ischemic Attack
- 5.WHO. The global burden of disease: 2004 update, WHO Press, Switzerland, http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_disease/GBD_report_2004update_full.pdf (accessed March 25, 2013).
- 21.Physical activity guidelines advisory committee report. US Dept of health and human services, Washington, DC. Available at http://www.Health.Gov/paguidelines/
- 23.Furie KL, Goldstein LB, Albers GW, et al. Science Advisory: Oral Antithrombotic Agents for the Prevention of stroke in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation, A Science Advisory for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association. Stroke 2012;43:3442–3453.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 32.Easton JD, Saver JL, Albers GW, Alberts MJ, Chaturvedi S, Feldmann E, et al. Definition and evaluation of transient ischemic attack: a scientific statement for healthcare professionals from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association stroke council; council on cardiovascular surgery and anesthesia; council on cardiovascular radiology and intervention; council on cardiovascular nursing; and the interdisciplinary council on peripheral vascular disease. The American academy of neurology affirms the value of this statement as an educational tool for neurologists. Stroke. 2009;40:2276–93.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 34.Longstreth Jr WT, Dulberg C, Manolio TA, Lewis MR, Beauchamp NJ Jr, O’Leary D, et al. Incidence, manifestations, and predictors of brain infarcts defined by serial cranial magnetic resonance imaging in the elderly: the cardiovascular health study. Stroke. 2002;33:2376–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar