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Vocal Cord Dysfunction

  • Miles M. WeinbergerEmail author
  • Devang R. Doshi
Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Initially described as hysteria and then Munchausen’s stridor, we now recognize vocal cord dysfunction as a functional group of disorders. Exercise and spontaneously occurring phenotypes exist that benefit from different treatments. The former appears to respond to pharmacological pretreatment with an anticholinergic aerosol and the latter may require vocal cord training to learn to relieve the symptoms. The differential diagnosis includes consideration of neurological and anatomical abnormalities. Recognition and effective treatment is important to permit the individual to be involved in activities important to them and to avoid unnecessary and ineffective medical care.

Keywords

Functional disorder Stridor Vocal cord dysfunction Vocal cords 

Supplementary material

Video 6.1: Flexible laryngoscopy demonstrating paradoxical vocal cord movement.mpg (MPG 9.59 MB)

Video 6.2: Flexible laryngoscopy demonstrating nearly continuous adduction of the vocal cords.mpg (MPG 7.49 MB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PediatricsUniversity of Iowa HospitalIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.William Beaumont School of MedicineOakland UniversityBloomfieldUSA

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